2-CD (H)(Colored) – OOB – WW-2

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The activation of the 9-AD created logistical problems at Fort Riley and Camp Funston. The installations that had accommodated a single division were now home to a division and an additional Cavalry Brigade. Consequently, the 4-CB (Brigade) Hqs and the 10-C, relocated to Camp Lockett, California. The 9-C, although still assigned to the brigade, moved to Fort Clarke, Texas. As the number of black personnel entering the Army rose, the need for Negro units for these soldiers to join also increased.

In November 1942 the War Department directed that the 2-CD would be reactivated, and that two new black regiments would be assigned. It was also announced that the 2-CD, now the Army’s third black division, would remain divided between Texas and California.

Construction was started at both posts since neither had the facilities to support an entire division. The work completed, the 2-CD activated on February 25 1943 with Headquarters at Fort Clarke. The 9-C and the 27-C, active at the Texas post, were the assigned troops of the 5-CB. The 10-C and 28-C, located at Camp Lockett, made up the 4-CB.

Filled using recruits straight from the induction centers, the 2-CD spent most of the spring and summer of 1943 training its soldiers. The division provided these men with their basic training as well as instruction in Cavalry operations. The divisional training as a whole, however, would not be tested. Stating that there was no intrinsic need for a second cavalry division, the WD had devised a plan to use the 2-CD personnel to form needed service units.

Black community leaders, reacting against the criticism of the performance of Negroes in combat units, protested the possible conversion of the division. The debate over the capabilities of black units continued but the decision concerning the status of the 2-CD was already made. The WD ordered the division to be shipped overseas where the conversion would take place.


During the month of January 1944, the 2-CD was dismounted and shipped back east for deployment abroad. Arriving in North Africa during March, the division began losing its elements that same month. Divisional units were inactivated and their personnel funneled into support and service units. The 2-CD was inactivated on May 10 1944 off the North African coast and has not been active since that time.

2nd Cavalry Division (Horse)(Colored) Commander
Maj Gen Harry H. Johnson : February 1943

Order of Battle 2nd Cavalry Division (Horse) (Colored)
Hqs & Hds Troop 2nd Cavalry Division
Hqs & Hqs Troop 4th Cavalry Brigade
9th Cavalry Regiment
10th Cavalry Regiment
Hqs & Hqs Troop 5th Cavalry Brigade
27th Cavalry Regiment
28th Cavalry Regiment
Hqs & Hqs Battery Division Artillery
77th Field Artillery Battalion (75-MM)
79th Field Artillery Battalion (75-MM)
159th Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM)
162nd Engineer Squadron
3rd Medical Squadron
35th Cavalry Recon Squadron (Mecz)
20th Cavalry Quartermaster Squadron
114th Ordnance Medium Maintenance Company
Military Police Platoon, 2nd Cavalry Division

KIA none – WIA none – DOW none

(Maneuvers – Colored Troops)


(Above) First Army Maneuvers in the Carolinas. Soldiers of Love Co, 24th Infantry, are shown on the march. November 11 1941 (NARA-EUCMH). (Bellow) First Army Maneuvers in the Carolinas. The Administrative personnel is a busy hard working group. From dawn until sunset, they are always on the go. Front row is Sgt Gilbert Booth, of Forsythe, Ga.; Sgt Hamilton Holmes, Co. Clerk, of Atlanta, Ga. Back row is Pfc Daniel Mobley, of Reidsville, Ga.; and Sgt Charlie Hardin, of Hogansville, Ga.; all of the soldiers are of Love Co, 24th Infantry. November 11 1941 (NARA-EUCMH)


(Above) First Army Maneuvers in the Carolinas. Staff Sgt Ed Nikens passes the O.K. on a delicious pot of steaming hot beef stew, as hungry soldiers of the 24th Infantry wait outside. Kitchen personnel are (L to R) : Pvt Jessie Rush, of Columbus, Missouri; Cpl Harold Bussey, of Atlanta, Ga.; S/Sgt Ed Nikens, of Kilmock, Va.; and Pvt Homer Jones, of Opelika, Alabama. November 11 1941 (NARA-EUCMH) (Bellow) First Army Maneuvers in the Carolinas. These Negro children are eating Thanksgiving dinner with VI Army Corps in the field. November 23 1941 (NARA-EUCMH)


(Above) First Army Maneuvers in the Carolinas. These nine musicians, and formerly members of leading colored dance orchestras, are now members of the 41st Engineers Regiment, Fort Bragg, N.C., and play with the Regiment dance orchestra. They are L to R : Pfc Louis W. Carrington, Richmond, Va; Sgt Rufus Wagner, Atlantic City, N.J., formerly with Blanch Calloway’s Orchestra; Pvt Elmon Simon, Norfolk, Va., formerly with Tiny Bradshaw; Pvt Teddy Wood, Richmond, Va., formerly with the Roseland Ballroom orchestra of New York City; Cpl Milton S. Bell, Richmond, Va., formerly with Johnson’s Happy Pals; Sgt Wilburn Pogue, Washington, D.C., formerly with Duke Ellington and Ethel Waters; and Sgt Frank Wess, formerly with Blanch Calloway; and in the foreground are (left) Charles L. Anderson of Virginia, formerly with Don Albert; and Pfc George Wolfe, Atlantic City, N.J., formerly with Ethel Waters. South Carolina. October 20, 1941 (NARA-EUCMH) (Bellow) First Army Maneuvers in the Carolinas’. The 41st Engineers Band of Ft. Bragg, N.C. is shown lined up in Co. street. South Carolina. October 20, 1941 (NARA-EUCMH)


(Above) First Army Maneuvers in the Carolinas’. We see here jitterbugs, cutting the rug, at the 24th Infantry dance given in Rock Hill, S.C. for Negro Soldiers. The dancers are Pvt Jerome Jackson of Philadelphia, Pa., and Annie Bess Young of Rock Hill. November 14, 1941 (NARA-EUCMH) (Bellow) Second Army Maneuvers in Arkansas. 77th Engineers (colored) moving 10 ton pontoon from truck prior to building pontoon bridge across the Red River. August 26, 1941 (NARA-EUCMH)


(Above) Second Army Maneuvers in Arkansas. Loading platform at Thebes, Arkansas. Light machine gun set up for action. Gunner Pfc Urel Ellis, Ozan, Arkansas, No. 1; Pvt Elliot Brown, Leavenworth, Kansas, No. 2; Pvt Warren Anderson, Stephens, Arkansas. All three men are from Troop C, 10th Cavalry. August 27 1941 (NARA-EUCMH) (Bellow) Second Army Maneuvers in Louisiana. Sgt Andrew Favors, Hqs. Troop, 9th Cavalry, with 45 Sub. Thompson machine gun. August 30 1941 (NARA-EUCMH)


(Above) Second Army Maneuvers in Louisiana. Pvt Chester Arthur Burnett, Picket line Troop G, 9th Cavalry (colored) from Aberdine, Mississippi, cleaning frog of horse, while S/Sgt Columbus Rudisal, Goffney, S.C., looks on Sgt Rudisal is directing Troop G, 9th Cavalry, 4th Brigade. September 12 1941 (NARA-EUCMH) (Bellow)
Third Army Louisiana Maneuvers, Camp Polk, La., Pfc Stanley Strickland, Marietta, Georgia, strings wire for Red Army during maneuvers. April 18 1943. 93rd Signal Construction Company (NARA-EUCMH) (Note from Doc Snafu : I think that the helmet is an M-2 D Fixed Bales)


(Above) Third Army Louisiana Maneuvers, Camp Polk, La., awaiting the firing order from the Army’s latest Handi-talkie radio, this anti-tank crew stands ready to roll. L to R : Pfc Theodore Estorge, Houstonville, N.Y.; Pfc Phillip Glover, Gurdon, Arkansas; Cpl Lester Levine, Brooklyn, N.Y. April 18 1943. 93rd Division, HQ Co (NARA-EUCMH) (Bellow) Third Army Louisiana Maneuvers, Camp Polk, La., Signal Corps men bury telephone wires of Red Army under road bed. In jeep, Pvt George Williams, Parkersburg, W.Va., with pick, Sgt Rodney R. McCain, Evanston, Ill., and Pvt. Clint Jones, Arkadelphia, Arkansas. April 19 1943. 93rd Division HQ. Co (NARA-EUCMH)


Third Army Louisiana Maneuvers, Camp Polk, La., Pvt Clarence Jones, North Birmingham, Alabama, in slit trench with carbine, ‘On the Alert’. 4/17/43. 594th Field Artillery Battalion A (NARA-EUCMH)

For all purposes :
European Center of Military History
Gunter ‘Doc Snafu’ Gillot
rue des Thiers 8
Francorchamps 4970
Belgium
Email : gunter [at] eucmh.be





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(NB : Published for Good – June 2019)

 

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