9th Armored Division – Order of Battle – 1944-1945

0
271


The 9th Armored Division was activated on July 15 1942 at Fort Riley, Kansas. On June 10 1943, the unit moved to Goff, California then to Camp Ibis, California on August 1 while part in the #3 California Maneuvres in the Desert Training Center. The 9-AD moved then to Camp Polk, Louisiana on October 25 1943 for the Third Army #5 Louisiana Maneuvres. The division staged then at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey on August 14 1944 until departed the New York Port of Embarkation on August 18 and arrived in England on September 1. The 9-AD landed in France on October 3, crossed into Luxembourg on October 20, into Belgium on December 18, returned to France on December 23, got back to Belgium on February 22 1945 and entered finally Germany on March 2 1945. The 9th Armored was sent back to Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation in USA on October 13 1945 and was sent to Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia where it was deactivated.

Casualties – 9th Armored Division

Killed in Action : 549
Wounded in Action : 2198
Missing in Action : 1194
Captured : 11
Battle Casualties : 3952
Non-Battle Casualties : 1459
Total Casualties : 5411



Command and Staff
Commanding General

Jul 15 1942 / Aug 27 1944 : Maj Gen Goeffrey Keyes
Aug 27 1944 / Deactivation : Maj Gen John W. Leonard

Artillery Commander

August 27 1944 – Col Joseph W. West

Chief of Staff

Aug 27 1944 / Oct 17 1944 – Col Albert G. Kelly
Oct 17 1944 / Nov 26 1944 – Col Joseph L. Gilbreth
Nov 26 1944 / Mar 25 1945 – Col Harry W. Johnson
Mar 25 1945 / deactivation – Col Walter Burnside

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1

August 27 1944 – Lt Col Carl N. Smith

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2

August 27 1944 – Lt Col Ewing L. Lusk Jr

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3

August 27 1944 – Lt Col John S. Growden

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4

August 27 1944 – Lt Col Rollie W. Adams

Assistant Chief of Staff G-5

August 30 1944- Maj Howard P. Morley

Adjutant General

August 27 1944 – Lt Col Sidney Sogard

CO Combat Command A

Aug 27 1944 / May 3 1945 – Col Thomas L. Harrold
May 3 1945 / Deactivation – Brig Gen Thomas L. Harrold

CO Combat Command B

Aug 27 1944 / Nov 2 1944 – Brig Gen Edwin W. Pilburn
Nov 2 1944 / Mar 23 1945 – Brig Gen William Hoge
Mar 23 1945 / Deactivation – Col Harry W. Johnson

CO Reserve Command

Aug 27 1944 / Sep 12 1944 – Lt Col Adna C. Hamilton
Sep 12 1944 / Nov 26 1944 – Col Adna C. Hamilton
Nov 26 1944 / Jan 21 1945 – Col Joseph H. Gilbreth
Jan 21 1945 / Mar 23 1945 – Col Walter Burnside
Mar 23 1945 / Apr 28 1945 – Lt Col Charlie Wesner
Apr 28 1945 / Deactivation – Lt Col Farris N. Latimer

Statistics

Activated – 15 July 1942
Arrived ETO – 27 August 1944
Arrived Continent (D 111) – 25 September 1944
Entered Combat (First Elements) – 23 October 1944
Entered Combat (Entire Division) – 16 December 1944
Days in Combat 91

Campaigns

Ardennes
Rhineland
Central Europe

Individual Awards

Distinguished Service Cross : 1
Legion of Merit : 7
Silver Star : 162
Soldiers Medal : 12
Bronze Star : 845
Air Medal : 23
Prisoners of War Taken 25628

Composition, 9th Armored Division

Headquarters Company
Combat Command A
Combat Command B
Reserve Command
2nd Tank Battalion
14th Tank Battalion
19th Tank Battalion
27th Armored Infantry Battalion
52nd Armored Infantry Battalion
60th Armored Infantry Battalion
89th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mechanized)
9th Armored Engineer Battalion
149th Armored Signal Company
9th Armored Division Artillery
3rd Armored Field Artillery Battalion
16th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
73rd Armored Field Artillery Battalion
9th Armored Division Trains
131st Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
2nd Armored Medical Battalion
Military Police Platoon
Band

Attachments
Antiaircraft Artillery

482nd AAA AW Bn (SP) – Nov 2 1944 / Jan 8 1945
482nd AAA AW Bn (SP) – Feb 22 1945 / May 9 1945

Armored

Hq & Hq Co, 12th Armored Group – Dec 4 1944 / Jan 8 1945
Combat Command R (10-AD) – Dec 22 1944 – Dec 26 1944

Cavalry

18th Cav Recon Sq – Mar 21 1945 / Mar 22 1945

Field Artillery

400th Field Artillery Battalion – Feb 28 1945 / Mar 13 1945
667th Field Artillery Battalion (155-MM HOW) – Feb 28 1945 / Mar 13 1945
60th Field Artillery Battalion (9-ID) (105-MM HOW) – Mar 3 1945 / Mar 6 1945
84th Field Artillery Battalion (9-ID) (105-MM How) – Mar 7 1945 / Mar 9 1945
186th Field Artillery Battalion (155-MM How) – Mar 26 1945 / Apr 20 1945
987th Field Artillery Battalion (155-MM Gun)(Btry A) – Apr 1 1945 / Apr 19 1945
987th Field Artillery Battalion (155-MM Gun)(less Btry A) – Apr 1 1945 / Apr 23 1945
38th Field Artillery Battalion (2-ID)(105-MM How) – Apr 2 1945 / Apr 5 1945
406th Field Artillery Group – Apr 2 1945 / Apr 5 1945
200th Field Artillery Battalion (155-MM Gun) – Apr 3 1945 / Apr 5 1945
953rd Field Artillery Battalion (155-MM How) – Apr 3 1945 / Apr 5 1945

Infantry

109-IR (28-ID) – Dec 20 1944 / Dec 22 1944
1/310-IR (78-ID) – Mar 1 1945 / Mar 9 1945
3/310-IR (78-ID) – Mar 1 1945 / Mar 9 1945
60-IR (9-ID) – Mar 3 1945 / Mar 5 1945
2/310-IR (78-ID) – Mar 5 1945 / Mar 9 1945
47-IR (9-ID) – Mar 7 1945 / Mar 9 1945
311-IR (78-ID) – Mar 8 1945 / Mar 9 1945
1/60-IR (9-ID) – Mar 8 1945 / Mar 9 1945
309-IR (78-ID) – Mar 8 1945 / Mar 9 1945
38-IR (2-ID) – Mar 25 1945 / Par 5 1945
C Co, 2-ECB (2-ID) – Mar 25 1945 / Apr 5 1945
1/23-IR (2-ID) – Apr 2 1945 / Apr 5 1945
2/273-IR (69-ID) – Apr 9 1945 / Apr 19 1945
3/273-IR (69-ID) – Apr 9 1945 / Apr 20 1945
3/38-ID (2-ID) – Apr 9 1945 / Apr 21 1945

Tank Destroyer

811-TDB (SP) – Nov 14 1944 / Jan 8 1945
656-TDB (SP) – Feb 22 1945 / May 9 1945

Detachments
Armored

CCB to V Corps, Dec 12 1944 / Dec 16 1944
A Co, 19-TB to 4-ID – Dec 16 1944 / Dec 19 1944
CCB to 106-ID – Dec 16 1944 / Dec 21 1944
2-TB to 101-A/B – Dec 19 1944 – Dec 30 1944
CCR to 101-A/B – Dec 19 1944 / 31 Dec 1944
CCA to 10-AD – Dec 20 1944 / Dec 26 1944
CCB to 7-AD – Dec 22 1944 / Jan 7 1945
14-TB to 82-A/B – Dec 23 1944 / Dec 24 1944
CCA to 4-AD – Dec 27 1944 / Dec 30 1944
CCB to 28-ID – Jan 9 1945 / Jan 10 1945
2 Plats, 14-TB to 78-ID – Feb 16 1945 / Mar 17 1945
CCB to 9-ID – Mar 3 1945 / Mar 5 1945
CCB to 9-ID – Mar 9 1945 / Mar 12 1945
CCA to 1-ID – Mar 3 1945 / May 8 1945

Cavalry

89-CRS, less Trs C & D to 8-ID – Oct 23 1944 / Nov 1 1944
89-CRS, Tr D to 2-ID – Oct 27 1944 / Nov 8 1944
89-CRS, less Trs A & D to 8-ID – Nov 1 1944 / 10 Nov 1944
89-CRS, Tr A to 83-ID – Nov 22 1944 / Nov 28 1944
89-CRS, Tr B to 83-ID – Nov 22 1944 / Dec 5 1944
89-CRS, Tr C to 83-ID – Nov 28 1944 / Dec 7 1944
89-CRS, Tr A to 83-ID – Dec 5 1944 / Dec 7 1944
89-CRS, Tr A to 4-ID – Dec 7 1944 / Dec 13 1944
89-CRS, Tr C to 4-ID – Dec 7 1944 / Dec 13 1944

Engineer

2 plats, B Co, 9-AEB to 2-ID – Oct 29 1944 / Nov 4 1944

Field Artillery

16-AFAB to 2-ID – Dec 12 1944 / Dec 16 1944
73-AFAB to 7-TD Group – Dec 20 1944 / Dec 23 1944
73-AFAB to 28-ID – Dec 24 1944 / Dec 29 1944

Infantry

52-AIB to 8-ID – Oct 23 1944 / Oct 30 1944
27-AIB to 2-ID – Oct 27 1944 / Nov 8 1944
60-AIB to 8-ID – Nov 2 1944 / Nov 9 1944
B Co, 52-AIB to 83-ID – Nov 22 1944 / Nov 29 1944
C Co, 52-AIB to 83-ID – Nov 28 1944 / Dec 6 1944
C Co, 52-AIB to 4-ID – Dec 7 1944 / Dec 13 1944
60-AIB to 78-ID – Mar 12 1945 / Mar 16 1945
52-AIB to 9-ID – Mar 16 1945 / Mar 18 1945

Assignment and Attachment to Higher Units
July 29 1944 : as. 9A
August 27 1944 : as. 9A at. ETOUSA
August 28 1944 : at. III Corps as. 9A at. 12AG
September 5 1944 : at. XIII Corps as. 9A at. 12AG
September 28 1944 : at. III Corps as. 9A at. 12AG
October 15 1944 : at. VIII Corps as. 9A at. 12AG
October 22 1944 : at. VIII Corps as. 1A at. 12AG
December 20 1944 : at. III Corps as. 3A at. 12AG
December 21 1944 : at. VIII Corps as. 3A at. 12AG
December 30 1944 : at. VIII Corps as. 3A (Oise Sec Com Z)(Sup) at. 12AG
December 31 1944 : SHAEF Reserve at. 12AG
January 8 1945 : at XV Corps as. 3A at. 12AG
January 9 1945 : at XV Corps as. 3A at. 12AG
February 22 1945 : at. III Corps as. 3A at. 12AG
March 21 1945 : at. V Corps as. 1A at. 12AG
April 28 1945 : at. VII Corps as. 1A at. 12AG
April 30 1945 : at. VIII Corps as. 1A at 12AG
May 4 1945 : at. V Corps as. 1A at. 12AG
May 6 1945 : as. 3A at 12AG

World War Two Command Post – 9th Armored Division

July 31 1944 : Tidworth (Adv) – Wiltshire – England
August 27 1944 : Tidworth (Main) – Wiltshire – England
September 23 1944 : Dorchester – Dorset – England
September 25 1944 : Weymouth – Dorset – England
September 28 1944 : Sainte-Marie-Du-Mont – Manche – France
October 6 1944 : Pont L’Abbe-Picauville – Manche – France
October 7 1944 : Sainte-Marie-Du-Mont – Manche – France
October 13 1944 : Falaise – Calvados – France
October 14 1944 : Damville – Eure – France
October 15 1944 : Gargan – Seine-et-Oise – France
October 16 1944 : Bèrgères-les-Vertus – Marne – France
October 17 1944 : Verdun – Meuse – France
October 18 1944 : Mersch – Luxembourg
December 20 1944 : Walferdange – Luxembourg
December 23 1944 : Etalle – Belgium
December 30 1944 : Guignicourt-sur-Vence – Ardennes – France
January 12 1945 : Bockange – Moselle – France
January 14 1945 : Ennery – Moselle – France
February 22 1945 : Sprimont – Belgium
February 28 1945 : Gey – Rhineland – Germany
March 2 1945 : Soller – Rhineland – Germany
March 4 1945 : Zulpich – Rhineland – Germany
March 6 1945 : Euskirchen – Rhineland – Germany
March 7 1945 : Stadt Meckenheim – Rhineland – Germany
March 10 1945 : Bad Neuenahr – Rhineland – Germany
March 23 1945 : Rheinbroehl – Rhineland – Germany
March 25 1945 : Neuweid – Rhineland – Germany
March 27 1945 : Elz – Nassau – Germany
March 29 1945 : Rechtenbach – Hessen – Germany
April 1 1945 : Volkmarsen – Kurhessen – Germany
April 2 1945 : Marburg – Kurhessen – Germany
April 9 1945 : Nieder Scheden – Hannover – Germany
April 10 1945 : Grossbruchter – Saxony – Germany
April 11 1945 : Westerengel – Thuringia – Germany
April 12 1945 : Steigra – Halle-Messenburg – Germany
April 13 1945 : Hohenmolsen – Halle-Messenburg – Germany
April 15 1945 : Breitingen – Halle-Messenburg – Germany
April 16 1945 : Bad Lausick – Saxony – Germany
April 21 1945 : Lobstadt – Saxony – Germany
April 30 1945 : Apolda – Thuringia – Germany
May 4 1945 : Munchberg – Thuringia – Germany
May 5 1945 : Wernberg – Bavaria – Germany
May 6 1945 : Weiden – Bavaria – Germany

9th Armored Division Combat Narrative
The 9-AD landed in Normandy, France, on Oct 3 1944 and initially patrolled a quiet sector along the borders of Luxembourg and Germany. The German Counteroffensive in Belgium and Luxembourg struck the division on Dec 16 1944, and CCB was ordered to St Vith as the division lost ground. CCR moved into positions along the Bastogne (BE) and Trois-Vierges (LU) road on Dec 17. The German drive breached the division’s lines the following day. Fighting in widely scattered areas, CCA defended near Ermsdorf on Dec 20 and CCB withdrew from Poteau & St Vith on Dec 23. Meanwhile, remnants of CCR were employed in the defense of Bastogne under control of the 101-A/B. The remainder of the division was ordered to reserve at Sedan on Dec 30 1944.

The division rehabilitated in Jan 1945 and trained in Feb 1945. It attacked on Feb 28 across the Roer River in the Soller region, CCA clearing strong opposition at Wollersheim and Langendorf on March 2, as CCB reached the Roth River and established a bridgehead at Friesheim. CCR captured Niederberg. The next day CCB reached the Erft River at Lommersum and was joined along the river by CCA and CCR in the Euskirchen vicinity on March 4 1945. The division then opened its offensive across the Erft River toward the junction of the Rhine and Ahr Rivers on March 5. CCB overcame light resistance to seize the Ludendorff Railroad Bridge at Remagen, which was damaged and prepared for demolition but still standing intact on March 7. It quickly crossed to establish a firm bridgehead across the Rhine and was joined there the next day by CCB as CCA defended the Ahr River Line.

After consolidation the division attacked on March 22 to clear the region between Rhine and Wied Rivers and secured bridgeheads across the latter. The division renewed its offensive on March 26 and attacked through the 2-ID; CCA reached the Lahn River at Diez and CCB at Limburg. It assembled along the Lahn as CCR drove to contact the Third Army on the Cologne Frankfurt Autobahn north of Idstein on March 28. The division attacked again on March 29 and by March 31 had established a bridgehead across the Diemel River in the Warburg area which was then maintained against counterattacks. The division started to an assembly area east of the Weser River April 8, and attacked through the 2-ID and 69-ID on April 10 to spearhead the drive to the Saale River, which it reached on April 12. On April 13, CCA reached the Weisse – Elster River near Pegau and consolidated. After heavy combat in the Borna area through factory districts at Deutzen, CCR reached the Mulde River and seized bridges in the Colditz – Lastau region on April 15. The next day it crossed and cleared Colditz. The division then mopped up along the Mulde River until moved to the Borna – Taucha region in reserve on April 21. It guarded utilities and factories at Rotha on April 22 until it moved near Jena on April 29 1945. CCA was detached to the 1-ID on May 3 for the drive on Karlsbad, and attacked on May 6 1945 down the Cheb – Falknov Road. The 9th Armored Division was in Rudolec when hostilities were declared ended on May 7 1945.




This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.