10th Armored Division – Order of Battle – 1944-1945

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10-adThe US 10th Armored Division was activated on July 15 1942 at Fort Benning Georgia and moved on June 24 1943 to the Second Army #2 Tennessee Maneuvres. On September 5 1943, the 10-AD moved to Camp Gordon, Georgia, the staged at Camp Shanks, New York, on, September 1 1944, until departed the New York Port of Embarkation. The division landed in France on September 23 1944, crossed into the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg on December 17 1944 and was sent back to France on December 27 1944. The 10th Armd entered Germany on February 22 1945 and when combat ceased, was sent back to the USA, arrived Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation on October 13 1945 and was deactivated at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia a day later.



10th Armored Division – Casualties
Killed in Action – 710
Wounded in Action – 3400
Missing in Action – 586
Captured – 1
Battle Casualties – 4697
Non-Battle Casualties – 3684
Total Casualties – 8381

10th Armored Division Campaigns
Ardennes
Rhineland
Central Europe

10th Armored Division – Individual Awards
Distinguished Service Cross – 19
Legion of Merit – 12
Silver Star – 217
Soldiers Medal – 23
Bronze Star – 1400
Air Medal – 13
Distinguished Flying Cross 2
Prisoners of War Taken – 43208

10th Armored Division – Statistics
Activated – 15 July 1942
Arrived ETO – 23 September 1944
Arrived Continent (D 109) – 23 September 1944
Entered Combat – 1944
Days in Combat – 124

10th Armored Division – Commanders
Commanding General
Maj Gen Paul W. Newgarden : July 1942 – July 1944
Maj Gen William H. Morris Jr : July 1944 – May 1945
Maj Gen Fay B. Prickett : May 1945 – Deactivation

Artillery Commander
Col Bernard F. Luebbermann : September 22 1944 – April 13 1945
Col Edward H. Metzger : April 13 1945 – VDay

Chief of Staff
Col Basil G. Thayer : September 22 1944 – February 25 1945
Lt Col Joseph A. McChristian : February 25 1945 – May 8 1945
Col Richard Steinbach : May 8 1945 – (?)

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1
Lt Col John F. Laudig : September 22 1944 – VDay

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2
Lt Col William E. Eckles : September 22 1944 – VDay

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3
Maj John W. Sheffield : September 22 1944 – December 3 1944
Lt Col Joseph A. McChristian : December 3 1944 – February 25 1945
Lt Col John W. Sheffield : February 25 1945 – May 8 1945
Lt Col Joseph A. McChristian : May 8 1945 – (?)

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4
Lt Col Clark Webber : September 22 1944

Assistant Chief of Staff G-5
Maj John M. Gregory : October 3 1944 – January 10 1945
Capt Leigh S. Plummer : January 10 1945 – (?)

Adjutant General
Lt Col Francis J. Malloh : September 22 1944 – VDay

CO – Combat Command A
Brig Gen Kenneth G. Althaus : 22-09-1944 / 15-12-1944
Brig Gen Edwin W. Piburn : 15-12-1944 / 25-04-1945
Col Thomas M. Brinkley : 25-04-1945 / 03-05-1945
Col Basil G. Thayer : 03-05-1945 / VDay

CO – Combat Command B
Col William L. Roberts : 22-09-1944 / 05-11-1944
Brig Gen Edwin W. Piburn : 05-11-1944 / 16-12-1944
Col William L. Roberts : 16-12-1944 / 18-03-1945
Col Basil G. Thayer : 18-03-1945 / 03-05-1945
Col Thomas M. Brinkley : 03-05-1945 / VDay

Commanding Officer, Reserve Command
Col Julian E. Raymond : 22-09-1944 / 06-11-1944
Col Wade C. Gatchell : 06-11-1944 / Vday

10th Armored Division – Order of Battle 1944-1945

Headquarters Company
Headquarters Division Artillery
Combat Command A
Combat Command B
Reserve Command
HQs & HQs Battery Division Artillery
Military Police Platoon
3rd Tank Battalion
11th Tank Battalion
21st Tank Battalion
20th Armored Infantry Battalion
54th Armored Infantry Battalion
61st Armored Infantry Battalion
419th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
420th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
423rd Armored Field Artillery Battalion
10th Armored Division Trains
55th Armored Engineer Combat Battalion
80th Armored Medical Battalion
90th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron Mecz
132nd Armored Ordnance Maintenance Company
150th Armored Signal Company
510th Armored Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment
Band
609th Tank Destroyer Battalion (16-10-1944 / 09-05-1945)
796th AAA AW Battalion (16-10-1944 / 09-05-1945)

Attachments 10th Armored Division
Antiaircraft Artillery
796-AAA-AW Bn (SP) – 16-11-1944 / 09-05-1945

Armored
CCA (9-AD) – 20-12-1944 / 26-12-1944
Able 778-TB – 19-02-1945 / 03-03-1945

Cavalry
94 Recon Tr (94-ID) – 19-02-1945 / 20-02-1945

Chemical
Charlie 81 Cml Mort Bn – 11-11-1944 / 02-12-1944
(2 secs) 161 Cml Co (SG) – 01-12-1944 / 04-12-1944
162 Cml Co (SG) – 22-02-1945 / 03-03-1945
(2 secs) 81 Cml Co (SG) – 03-03-1945 / 09-03-1945
Charlie 81 Cml Mort Bn (-1 plat) – 03-03-1945 / 09-03-1945

Engineer
1 plat 991 Engr Treadway Br Co – 18-11-1944 / 24-11-1944
179-ECB – 23-02-1945 / 25-02-1945
160-ECB – 17-03-1945 / 23-03-1945
2d Plat 997 Engr Treadway Br Co – 17-03-1945 / 23-03-1945
Baker 245-ECB – 20-03-1945 / 23-03-1945
2827-ECB – 08-04-1945 / 15-04-1945
2828-ECB – 16-04-1945 / 01-02-1945

Field Artillery
Btry B, 244-FAB (155-MM GUN) – 29-11-1944 / 02-12-1944
919-FAB (105-MM HOW) – 19-02-1945 / 03-03-1945
193-FAG (Group) – 20-02-1945 / 24-03-1945
689-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 20-02-1945 / 24-03-1945
274-FAB – 20-02-1945 / 24-03-1945
776-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 20-02-1945 / 24-03-1945
141-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 03-04-1945 / 14-04-1945
194-FAB (8″ HOW) – 03-04-1945 / 01-05-1945
938-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 03-04-1945 / 01-05-1945
939-FAB (4.5″ GUN) – 03-04-1945 / 01-05-1945
59-AFAB – 08-04-1945 / 01-05-1945
1 btry, 976-FAB (155-MM GUN) – 27-04-1945 / 01-05-1945

Infantry
358-RCT (90-ID) – 19-11-1944 / 26-11-1944
109-RCT (28-ID) – 22-12-1944 / 26-12-1944
376-RTC (94-ID) – 19-02-1945 / 03-03-1945
1st Plat, Charlie 319-ECB (94-ID) – 19-02-1945 / 03-03-1945
417-RCT (76-ID) – 04-03-1945 / 11-03-1945
318-IR (80-ID) – 06-03-0945 / 18-03-1945
1/318-IR (80-ID) – 19-03-1945 / 22-03-1945
3/318-IR (80-ID) – 19-03-1945 / 22-03-1945
3/398-IR (100-ID) – 03-04-1945 / 04-04-1945
2/324-IR (44-ID) – 19-04-1945 / 21-04-1945

Tank Destroyer
638-TDB (SP) – (?) / 15-10-1944
609-TDB (SP) – 16-10-1944 / 09-03-1945

Detachments – 10th Armored Division
Armored
CCB to VIII Corps – 22-12-1944 / 18-01-1945
CCR to 9-AD – 22-12-1944 / 26-12-1945
CCB to XV Corps – 20-01-1945 / 09-02-1945

Engineer
Charlie 55-AECB to 1139-EG (Group) – 05-11-1944 / 13-11-1944

Field Artillery
423-AFAB to 44-ID – 22-01-1945 / 10-02-1945

Assignment & Attachment 10-AD to Higher Units

10th Armored Division Command Posts Locations

23-09-1944 – Cherbourg – France
30-09-1944 – Teurtheville – France
29-10-1944 – Mars-La-Tour – France
09-11-1944 – Ottange – France
15-11-1945 – Petit Hettange – France
19-11-1944 – Laumesfeld – France
21-11-1944 – Apach – France

17-12-1944 – Luxembourg – Luxembourg
23-12-1944 – Mersch – Luxembourg

27-12-1944 – Metz – France
17-01-1945 – Dieuze – France
10-02-1945 – Falquemont – France
10-02-1945 – Metz – France
19-02-1945 – Apach – France

22-02-1945 – Wincheringen – Germany
22-02-1945 – Ayl – Germany
03-03-1945 – Trier – Germany
17-03-1945 – Mitlosheim – Germany
19-03-1945 – Wadern – Germany
19-03-1945 – St-Wendel – Germany
20-03-1945 – Kaiserslautern – Germany
24-03-1945 – Edenkoben – Germany
28-03-1945 – Manheim (Waldhoff) – Germany
02-04-1945 – Heidelberg – Germany
02-04-1945 – Hoffenheim – Germany
04-04-1945 – Bad Rappenau – Germany
06-04-1945 – Merchingen – Germany
07-04-1945 – Assumstadt – Germany
12-04-1945 – Ingelfingen – Germany
14-04-1945 – Ohringen – Germany
18-04-1945 – Bubenorbis – Germany
19-04-1945 – Fichtenberg – Germany
20-04-1945 – Lorch – Germany
21-04-1945 – Goppingen – Germany
23-04-1945 – Laichingen – Germany
23-04-1945 – Ehingen – Germany
25-04-1945 – Laupheim – Germany
25-04-1945 – Dietenheim – Germany
26-04-1945 – Babenhausen – Germany
27-04-1945 – Mindelheim – Germany
27-04-1945 – Kaufbeuren – Germany
28-04-1945 – Schongau – Germany
29-04-1945 – Steingaden – Germany
30-04-1945 – Garmisch-Partenkirchen – Germany

10th Armored Division Combat Narrative

The 10th AD landed at Cherbourg, France, on September 23 1944 and trained at Teurtheville which it left on October 25. It entered the line in the Fort Driant sector to contain German forces there on November 2. CCB crossed over the Bailey Bridge at Thionville and CCA crossed at Malling to screen in the Saar-Moselle Triangle on November 14. Closely supported by aircraft, the division crossed CCA over the Nied River on November 18 at a damaged bridge near Filstroff, but in order to speed the advance on the Saare River withdrew and destroyed the bridge there the next day. CCB meanwhile encountered heavy opposition as, it neared Merzig on November 19. CCA was halted by obstacles of the Orscholz Switch Line the following day as CCB fell back under German counterattack. CCA advanced to Nennig and Tettingen on November 22 but was forced out of both towns. As Tettingen was cleared on November 25, the division broke off its advance toward Saarburg and repelled counterattacks against Borg. Finally, the division reached the Saare River opposite Merzig on November 30 and overcame weak resistance in the Merzig area on December 1. The capture of Dreisbach the next day marked the completion of division clearing operations west of the Saare.

In response to the German Ardenne Counteroffensive the division was moved to Luxembourg City on December 17. CCB was engaged at Bastogne on December 19 and CCA moved to positions near Echternacht, where it was relieved by the 4th Infantry Division on December 20. The division formed Combat Command X out of the CCA-9AD and CCR-10AD on December 21 CCA tried in vain to recover Waldbilling. The division fought at Bastogne, Noville and Bras until relieved in Luxembourg on December 26 1944. The division was then moved east of the Saare to maintain defensive lines. CCB attacked toward Noville on January 9 1945 and captured Samree the next day. The division was then moved to the Metz area on February 10 and assembled in the Perl – Basch area on February 19. It renewed the offensive the next day to clear the Saar – Moselle Triangle as it attacked toward Kanzem and Wiltingen bridges and CCB drove northeast on Saarburg. Under heavy enemy fire which prevented bridging, armored-infantry was forced across the Saar near Ockfen February 22 – February 24. CCB crossed in the Taben area of 94th Infantry Division the following day and on February 26, the Ockfen and Serrig bridgeheads were joined and expanded to allow a heavy ponton bridge to be put in at Saarburg. That same day CCB reached Zerf.

On February 27 1945, CCA attacked through CCB to enter Trier and take the Moselle River bridge intact on March 1 – March 2 1945. It then attacked across the Ruwer River near Eitelsbach against strong opposition on March 4 as CCB established a bridgehead under fire over the Kyll River near Ehrang. The Salm River was reached and a bridgehead thrown across in the Dorbach area on March 9, and the following day Wittlich was captured. CCA completed the drive from the Alf River to the Moselle and was relieved by the 76th Infantry Division at Bullay on March 12, and the next day the division completed assembly at Trier for rehabilitation. The division renewed its offensive on March 16 as it attacked through the 80th Infantry Division and the 94th Infantry Division and reached the Prims River the day after. Bypassing Kaiserlautern, the division stormed Landau on March 22. The division crossed the Rhine River on March 28 and assembled in preparation for further attack the next day. It attacked across the Neckar River in the Wieblingen area and advanced against rear-guard resistance to effect a junction with the 100th Infantry Division around Heilbron on April 7. The division fought in the Crailsheim Salient April 8 – April 10, when it withdrawn for movement over the Kocher River in the 63rd Infantry Division sector at Weissbach the following day. The division attacked on April 16 and helped clear Schwaebisch Hall April 17 – April 18.
It achieved a complete breakthrough over the Rems River on April 19 and took Kirchheim the day after.

The division consolidated and crossed the Danube at Ehingen April 23 and April 24 1945, crossing the Austrian border near Fuessen on April 28. The next day it attacked across the Lech River with CCA at Schongau and CCB at Fuessen. The division was at Klais and Garmisch when it was halted to allow the passage of the 44th and 103rd Infantry Divisions through its lines on April 30 1945. When hostilities were declared ended on May 7 1945 the division was at Innsbruck, Germany.



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