9th Infantry Division – Order of Battle – 1944-1945

0
198


Men of 2nd Platoon, Dog Company 39th Infantry Regiment in action
Men of 2nd Platoon, Dog Company 39th Infantry Regiment in action

The 9th Infantry Division was activated at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, on August 1 1940 as the 9th Division and participated in both October and November 1941 Carolina Maneuvers before being sent to amphibious training under the Atlantic Fleet Amphibious Corps. Re-designated as 9th Infantry Division on August 1 1942, the division left Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and was sent to Fort Dix, New Jersey on November 25 1942. On December 11 1942, the 9th Infantry Division departed the New York Port of Embarkation and landed in North Africa on December 25 1942, less elements of the division which assaulted on November 8 1942 in Casablanca. From there, the 9th Infantry Division arrived in Palermo, Sicily on July 31 1943 and was sent back to England on November 25 1943. The division landed then in France on June 10 1944, crossed into Belgium on September 2 1944 and entered Germany on September 14 1944 where it remained active thru 1946.





9th Infantry Division – Casualties

Killed in Action – 3856
Wounded in Action – 17416
Died of Wounds – 648
Missing in Action – 792
Captured – 868
Battle Casualties – 18631
Non-Battle Casualties – 15233
Total Casualties – 33864

Campaigns

Normandy
Northern France
Ardennes
Rhineland
Central Europe

Commanding General

Nov 27 1943 – Maj Gen Manton S. Eddy – August 19 1944
August 19 1944 – Maj Gen Louis A Craig – May 17 1945
May 17 1945 – Brig Gen Reese M. Howell – (Acting) – VDay

Assistant Division Commander

November 27 1943 – Brig Gen Donald A. Stroh (Became CG 8-ID July 12 1944)
July 20 1944 – Brig Gen James E. Wharton – August 12 1944
August 12 1944 – Brig Gen Kenneth Buchanan – September 17 1944
September 17 1944 – Col James S. Rodwell – October 8 1944
October 8 1944 – Col Hammond D. Birks – January 7 1945
January 7 1945 – Brig Gen Hammond D. Birks – (Acting) – VDay

Artillery Commander

November 27 1943 – Brig Gen Reese M. Howell

Chief of Staff

November 27 1943 – Col George B. Barth – June 16 1944
June 16 1944 – Col Jesse L Gibney – June 24 1944
June 24 1944 – Col Noah M. Brinson – August 30 1944
August 30 1944 – Col John G. Van Houten – October 9 1944
October 9 1944 – Lt Col James W. Lockett – October 12 1944
October 12 1944 – Col William C. Westmoreland – VDay

Assistant Chief of Staff G-1

November 27 1943 – Lt Col Frank R. Veale, Jr. – August 25 1944
August 25 1944 – Lt Col William L. Peverill – May 6 1945
May 6 1945 – Maj Franklin G. Allen – VDay

Assistant Chief of Staff G-2

November 27 1943 – Lt Col Robert W. Robb – August 21 1944
August 21 1944 – Maj Jack A. Houston – October 27 1944
October 27 1944 – Lt Col Jack A. Houston – VDay

Assistant Chief of Staff G-3

November 27 1943 – Lt Col Alver B. Sundin – April 1 1944
April 1 1944 – Lt Col Frederick C. Feil – December 10 1944
December 10 1944 – Maj Reginald L. Riley – (Acting)
January 6 1945 – Lt Col Frederick C. Feil – VDay

Assistant Chief of Staff G-4

November 27 1943 – Lt Col George E. Pickett – April 11 1945
April 11 1945 – Maj George R. Huff – (Acting) – VDay

Assistant Chief of Staff G-5

May 6 1944 – Lt Col Asa W. K. Billings – December 9 1944
December 9 1944 – Maj Charles O. Tingley – (Acting) – VDay

Adjutant General

November 27 1943 – Lt Col William L. Peverill – August 27 1944
August 27 1944 – Lt Col James R. Hutchison – April 14 1945
April 14 1945 – Maj George E. Materewicz – (Acting) – VDay

CO – 39th Infantry Regiment

November 24 1943 – Col Harry A. Flint – July 24 1944
July 24 1944 – Lt Col Van H. Bond – October 10 1944
October 10 1944 – Col Van H. Bond – (Acting) – VDay

CO – 47th Infantry Regiment

November 27 1943 – Col George W. Smythe – March 6 1945
March 6 1945 – Lt Col Herman A. Schmidt – (Acting) – March 13 1945
March 13 1945 – Col Peter O. Ward – (Acting) – VDay

CO – 60th Infantry Regiment

November 27 1943 – Col Frederick J. de Rohan – July 2 1944
July 2 1944 – Col Jesse L. Gibney – October 4 1944
October 4 1944 – Lt Col Donald C. Claymen – October 9 1944
October 9 1944 – Col John G. Van Houten – VDay

9th Infantry Division – Statistics & Chronology

Activated – August 1 1940
Arrived UK – November 27 1943
Arrived Continent (D+4) – June 10 1944
Entered Combat – First elements in North Africa November 8 1942
Entered Combat – entire division NATOUSA March 26 1943
Entered Combat – France – June 14 1944
Days in Combat – 264

Awards – 9th Infantry Division

Distinguished Service Cross – 86
Legion of Merit – 6
Silver Star – 1789
Soldiers Medal – 55
Bronze Star – 5518
Distinguished Flying Cross – 1
Air Medal – 124
Prisoner of War Taken – 113.324

9th Infantry Division Order of Battle 1944-1945

HQs & HQS Co, 9th Infantry Division
HQS & HQs Battery Division Artillery
Special Troops
Military Police Platoon
9th Signal Company
9th Quartermaster Company
9th Medical Battalion
9th Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment
9th Reconnaissance Troop Mecz
15th Engineer Combat Battalion
26th Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM HOW)
34th Field Artillery Battalion (155-MM HOW)
60th Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM HOW)
84th Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM HOW)
39th Infantry Regiment
47th Infantry Regiment
60th Infantry Regiment
376th AAA-AW Battalion (att June 13 1944 – May 26 1945)
413th AAA Gun Battalion (att December 20 1944 – January 3 1945)
629th Tank Destroyer Battalion (att August 16 1944 – August 25 1945)
709th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
746th Tank Battalion (att June 13 1944 – July 10 1945)
899th Tank Destroyer Battalion (att June 19 1944 – July 24 1944)

9-id-3

9th Infantry Division – Attachments

Antiaircraft Artillery
376th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) – June 13/16 1944
376th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) – June 16 1944 – May 26 1945
Battery B, 486th AAA Bn (SP) – July 1/31 1944
Battery A, 413th AAA Gun Bn (Mbl) – July 1/31 1944
Battery A, 129th AAA Gun Bn (Mbl) – July 14/18 1944
Battery C, 557th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) – September 10 1944 – October 8 1944
Battery B, 438th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) – September 20 1944 – October 4 1944
413th AAA Gun Bn (Mbl) – December 20/24 1944
2 btrys, 413th AAA Gun Bn (Mbl) – December 24 1944 – January 3 1945
2d Plat, Battery C, 226th AAA Bn – February 8/12 1945

Armored
746th TB (less Able Co) – June 13/28 1944
HQs, 6th Armd Group – June 15/16 1944
746th TB – June 28 1944 – July 10 1945
CCA (3-AD) – July 10/16 1944
32nd AIR (3-AD) – July 10/16 1944
3/36-AIR (3-AD) – July 10/16 1944
83rd Armd Recon Bn (3-AD) – July 10/16 1944
Able Co 23-AECB (3-AD) – July 10/16 1944
Charlie Co 23-AECB (3-AD) – July 10/16 1944
Able Co 703d TDB (SP) – July 10/16 1944
Btry D, 413th AAA Gun Bn (Mbl) – July 10/16 1944
Charlie Co 745-TB – August 17/18 1944
Task Force King, CCB (3-AD) – September 5/6 1944
1/33-AIR (3-AD) – September 5/6 1944
Fox Co, 36-AIR (3-AD) – September 5/6 1944
3d Plat, Recon Co, 36-AIR (3-AD) – September 5/6 1944
2d Plat, Baker Co, 23-AECB (3-AD) – September 5/6 1944
2d Plat, Baker Co, 703-TDB (SP) – September 5/6 1944
Howe Co, 32-AIR (3-AD) – October 13/17 1944
CCB 9-AD – March 3/5 1945
CCA 7-AD – March 7/8 1945
CCR 7-AD – March 8 1945
CCB 9-AD – March 9/12 1945
CCA 7-AD – April 4/6 1945
Baker 17-TB 7-AD – April 6/8 1945
CCA 3-AD – April 24/25 1945
CCR 3-AD – April 24/25 1945

Cavalry
4th Cav Group – June 20 1944 – July 1 1944
113th Cav Group – July 10 1944
24th Cav Recon Squadron – July 10/17 1944
4th Cav Group – August 21/23 1944
4th Cav Recon Squadron – December 7/13 1944
1 plat, Charlie 297-ECB – December 7/13 1944
1 plat, Charlie 635-TDB (T) – December 7/13 1944
38th Cav Recon Squadron (- Tr A) – December 20 1944 – January 27 1945
Tr A, 38th Cav Recon Sq – January 8/27 1945
Tr A, 102d Cav Recon Sq – January 25/27 1945
Able Co, 47-AIB (5-AD) – December 20 1944 – January 27 1945
Able Co, 10-TB (5-AD) – December 20 1944 – January 25 1945
Able Co, 47-ATB – December 20 1944 – January 20 1945
1 plat, Able 12-ECB – December 20 1944 – January 4 1945
Charlie 893-TDB (SP) – December 20 1944 – January 27 1945
1st Plat, 99th Recon Tr (99-ID) – December 22 1944 – January 14 1945
3rd Plat, 99th Recon Tr (99-ID) – December 22 1944 – January 25 1945
2nd Plat, 99th Recon Tr (99-ID) – December 22 1944 – January 26 1945
1st Plat, 99th Recon Tr (99-ID) – January 25/26 1945
32d Cav Recon Sq (- 2 plats of Tr C) – March 27/31 1945
32d Cav Recon Sq – April 5/9 1945
Fox 18th Cav Recon Sq – April 7/9 1945
4th Cav Group – April 17/22 1945

Field modification to a jeep, manned by T/5 Louis Gergye and Pvt William Jump of I&R Platoon, 60th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division.
Field modification to a jeep, manned by T/5 Louis Gergye and Pvt William Jump of I&R Platoon, 60th Infantry Regiment, 9th Infantry Division.

Chemical
87th Cml Bn (- 1 co) – June 16/19 1944
Able 87th Cml Bn – June 28 1944 – July 1 1944
Baker 87th Cml Bn – June 28 1944 – July 1 1944
Charlie 87th Cml Bn – July 20 1944 – October 25 1944
Dog 87th Cml Bn – July 20 1944 – October 25 1944
Baker 87th Cml Bn – 10-08-44 / 11-08-44
Charlie 87th Cml Bn – December 10/18 1944
Able 87th Cml Bn – January 27 1945 – February 3 1945
Baker 87th Cml Bn – January 27 1945 – February 16 1945
2 plats, Charlie 90th Cml Bn – February 18 1945 – March 31 1945
1 plat, Charlie 90th Cml Bn – February 22 1945 – March 31 1945
Baker 90th Cml Bn – March 16 1945 – April 12 1945
Charlie 90th Cml Bn – April 3/12 1945

Engineer
Able 23-AECB (3-AD) – July 1/31 1944
Dog 23-AECB (3-AD) July 11/16 1945
297-ECB – September 24/29 1944
Item 298-ECB – September 26/29 1944
Able 294-ECB – September 26/29 1944
298-ECB – September 29/30 1944
298-ECB – October 1/19 1944
294-ECB – October 19/25 1944

Field Artillery
Btrys A, B, C (- 1 plat each) 915-FAB (90-ID) (105-MM HOW) – 15-06-44 / 17-07-44
957-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 16-06-44 / 01-07-44
172-FAB (4.5″ GUN) – 19-06-44 / 01-07-44
HQ 188-FA Group – 19-06-44 / 17-07-44
Btry C 981-FAB (155-MM GUN) – 28-06-44 / 04-07-44
54-AFAB (3-AD) – 01-07-44 / 31-07-44
196-FAB (105-MM HOW) – 09-07-44 / 28-07-44
690-FAB (105-MM HOW) – 14-07-44 / 28-07-44
987-FAB (155-MM GUN) – 02-08-44 / 06-08-44
183-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 06-08-44 / 11-08-44
Btry A 981-FAB (155-MM GUN) – 06-08-44 / 20-08-44
951-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 06-08-44 / 20-08-44
29-FAB (4-ID) (105-MM HOW) – 10-08-44 / 11-08-44
18-FAB (105-MM HOW) – 13-08-44 / 14-08-44
196-FAB (105-MM HOW) – 13-08-44 / 14-08-44
18-FAB (105-MM HOW) – 20-08-44 / 24-08-44
951-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 23-08-44 / 25-08-44
Btry A 981-FAB (155-MM GUN) – 26-08-44 / 31/08-44
Btry A 951-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 01-09-44 / 05-09/44
Btry A, 13-FAOB (Observation) – 01-09-44 / 17-09-44
981-FAB (155-MM GUN) – 05-09-44 / 17-09-44
HQ & HQ Btry 188-FAG (Group) – 07-09-44 / 18-09-44
Btry B 991-FAB (155-MM GUN) – 13-09-44 / (?)
188-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 19-09-44 / 01-10-44
Btry C 195-FAB (8″ HOW) – 28-09-44 – 23-10-44
HQ & HQ Btry 188-FAG (group) – 28-09-44 / 23-10-44
172-FAB (4.5″ GUN) – 28-09-44 / 23-10-44
981-FAB (155-MM GUN) – 29-09-44 / 23-10-44
1 plat, Btry A 987-FAB (155-MM GUN) – 07-12-44 / 10-12-44
186-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 20-12-44 / 26-01-45
196-FAB (10-MM HOW) – 20-12-44 / 08-02-45
Btry B 987-FAB (155-MM GUN) – 27-01-45 / 14-02-45
76-FAB (105-MM HOW) – 12-02-45 / 17-02-45
955-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 13-02-45 / 17-02-45
400-AFAB – 19-02-45 / 28-02-45
987-FAB (- Btrys A & C) (155-MM GUN) – 19-02-45 / 08-03-45
254-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 19-02-45 / 31-03-45
1 plat 987-FAB (155-MM GUN) – 24-03-45 / 31-03-45
489-AFAB (7-AD) (105-MM HOW) – 03-04-45 / 06-04-45
809-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 04-04-45 / 07-04-45
965-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 07-04-45 / 10-04-45
183-FAB (155-MM HOW) – 24-04-45 / 29-04-45

Infantry
359-IR (90-ID) – 15-06-44 / 17-06-44
1/359-IR (90-ID) – 20-06-44 / 21-06-44
330-RCT (83-ID) – 14-07-44 / 17-07-44
Baker 308-ECB (83-ID) – 14-07-44 / 17-07-44
2 plats, Able 802-TDB (T) – 14-07-44 / 17-07-44
8-RCT (4-ID) – 10-08-44 / 11-08-44
Prov Ranger Group – 13-08-44 / 14-08-44
HQ Prov Ranger Group – 13-08-44 / 14-08-44
2-RIB (Ranger) – 13-08-44 / 14-08-44
5-RIB (Ranger) – 13-08-44 / 14-08-44
1/36-AIR (3-AD) – 13-10-44 / 17-10-44
395-IR (99-ID) – 09-11-44 / 13-11-44
393-IR (99-ID) – 10-11-44 / 14-11-44
394-IR (99-ID) – 10-11-04 / 14-11-44
329-RCT (83-ID) – 13-12-44 / (?)
3/395-IR (99-ID) – 20-12-44 / 31-12-45
2/395-IR (99-ID) – 24-12-44 / 05-01-45
2-RIB (Ranger) – 06-02-45 / 08-02-45
309-IR (78-ID) – 08-02-45 / 12-02-45
1/311-IR (78-ID) – 10-02-45 / 12-02-45
2/23-IR (2-ID) – 12-02-45 / (?)
310-RCT (- 1st Bn) (78-ID) – 10-03-45 / 14-03-45
394-IR (99-ID) – 11-03-45 / (?)
395-IR (99-ID) – 11-03-45 / 12-03-45
52-AIB (9-AD) – 16-03-45 / 14-03-45
2/413-IR (104-ID) – 15-04-45 / 16-04-45

Tank Destroyer
607-TDB (T) (- 2 cos) – June 19/20 1944
899-TDB (SP) (- 2 cos) – June 19/20 1944
899-TDB (SP) – June 20 1944 / July 24 1944
Able 703-TDB (SP) – July 1/31 1944
Charlie 703-TDB (SP) – July 11/16 1944
629-TDB (SP) – August 16/25 1944
Able 612-TDB (SP) – December 20/29 1944
Able 801-TDB (SP) – December 29 1944 / February 3 1945
Charlie 644-TDB (SP) – January 3/27 1945
Able 814-TDB (SP) – April 6/9 1945

9th Infantry Division – Detachments
Engineer
15-ECB to 4-ID – 08-08-44 / 09-08-44
1st Plat Baker 15-ECB to 3-AD – 27-10-44 / 11-11-45
Baker 15-ECB to 3-AD – 11-11-44 / 01-12-44

Field Artillery
26-FAB to 1-ID – August 4/7 1944
26-FAB to 4-ID – August 7/12 1944
60-FAB to 3-AD – August 13/15 1944
84-FAB to 3-AD – 25-10-44 / 10-11-44
84-FAB to 3-AD – 27-10-44 / 10-11-44
84-FAB to 1-ID – 10-11-44 / 01-12-44
60-FAB to 1-ID – December 6/8 1944
60-FAB to 104-ID – December 19/22 1944
84-FAB to 2-ID – February 8/12 1945
26-FAB to 2-ID – February 8/12 1945
26-FAB to 2-ID – February 17/22 1945
60-FAB to 9-AD – March 3/6 1945
26-FAB to 7-AD – March 7/8 1945
84-FAB to 9-AD – March 7/9 1945
26-FAB to 78-ID – March 11/16 1945

Infantry
39-IR to 4-ID – June 11/15 1944
1/60-IR to 3-AD – July 9/11 1944
2/60-IR to 3-AD – July 10/11 1944
2/60-IR to 4-ID – August 1/25 1944
39-IR to 1-ID – August 4/7 1944
39-IR to 4-ID – August 7/9 1944
2d Plat, 9th Recon Tr to 4-ID – August 7/9 1944
3/60-IR to 3-AD – August 13/15 1944
2/60-IR to 3-AD – August 15/19 1944
3/60-IR to 3-AD – August 15/19 1944
1/60-IR to 4 Cav Group – September 3/4 1944
47-IR to 3-AD – September 8/10 1944
2/60-IR to 298-ECB – October 2 1944 – (?)
47-IR to 3-AD – 25-10-44 / 10-11-44
1 plat Baker 15-ECB to 3-AD – 25-10-44 / 10-11-44
47-IR to 1-ID – 10-10-44 / 01-12-44
2/47-IR to 3-AD – November 24/26 1944
1/60-IR to 102 Cav Group – December 1/4 1944
1/60-IR to 3-AD – December 10/12 1944
47-IR to V Corps – December 17/25 1944
60-IR to 104-ID – December 18/21 1944
60-RCT to 2-AD – December 22/23 1944
Charlie 1/60-IR to 38 Cav Recon Sq – January 20/25 1945
39-RCT to 2-ID – February 8/12 1945
1 plat, Able 15-ECB to 2-ID – February 8/12 1945
39-RCT to 2-ID – February 17/22 1945
1 plat, Able 15-ECB to 2-ID – February 17/22 1945
60-RCT to 9-AD – March 4/5 1945
39-IR to 7-AD – March 7/8 1945
47-RCT to 9-AD – March 7/9 1945
1/60-IR to 9-AD – March 8/9 1945
60-RCT to 7-AD – March 8/9 1945
39-IR to 78-ID – March 11/16 1945
47-IR to Task Force Birks – April 4/9 1945
3/47-IR to 3-AD – April 11/25 1945
60-IR to 3-AD – April 22/24 1945

Assignment and Attachment to Higher Units

Jeep markings indicate 9th Infantry Division, 39th Infantry Regiment.
Jeep markings indicate 9th Infantry Division, 39th Infantry Regiment.

Command Posts – 9th Infantry Division

27 Nov 43 – Winchester – Hampshire – England
3 Jun 44 – Hursley Camp – Hampshire – England
7 Jun 44 – Southampton – Hampshire – England

10 Jun 44 – Utah Beach (Tare Green) – Manche – France
11 Jun 44 – Flauville (vic) – Manche – France
13 Jun 44 – Plaux (vic) – Manche – France
16 Jun 44 – Le Honet (vic) – Manche – France
17 Jun 44 – St-Sauver-le-Vicomte (vic) – Manche – France
18 Jun 44 – St-Jacques-de-Néhou (vic) – Manche – France
20 Jun 44 – Quetto – Manche – France
22 Jun 44 – Benoiville – Manche – France
24 Jun 44 – Vasteville – Manche – France
2 Jul 44 – Flamanville – Manche – France
9 Jul 44 – Carentan – Manche – France
13 Jul 44 – St-Jean-de-Daye – Manche – France
21 Jul 44 – Le Champs-de-Losque – Manche – France
28 Jul 44 – La Chapelle-en-Juger – Manche – France
30 Jul 44 – Marigny – Manche – France
2 Aug 44 – La Vanterie – Manche – France
5 Aug 44 – St-Aubin-des-Bois – Calvados – France
8 Aug 44 – La Tuilerie – Calvados – France
9 Aug 44 – Forien – Manche – France
13 Aug 44 – Chatillon-sur-Colmomt – Mayenne – France
15 Aug 44 – Couptrain – Mayenne – France
17 Aug 44 – Le Grais – Orne – France
21 Aug 44 – Mortange-au-Pèrche – Orne – France
24 Aug 44 – La Ferté Vidame – Eure-et-Loire – France
25 Aug 44 – Arpajon – Seine-et-Oise – France
26 Aug 44 – Brinville – Seine-et-Marne – France
27 Aug 44 – Guignes – Seine-et-Marne – France
28 Aug 44 – St-Augustin – Seine-et-Marne – France
29 Aug 44 – Marigny-en-Orxois – Aisne – France
30 Aug 44 – Cerseuil – Aisne – France
31 Aug 44 – Hannogne – Ardennes – France
1 Sep 44 – Plomion – Ardennes – France

3 Sep 44 – Cerfontaine – Belgium
4 Sep 44 – Anthée – Belgium
8 Sep 44 – St-Fontaine – Belgium
9 Sep 44 – Esneux – Belgium
11 Sep 44 – Verviers – Belgium
13 Sep 44 – Eupen – Belgium

14 Sep 44 – Roetgen – Germany
4 Oct 44 – Zweifall – Germany

26 Oct 44 – Elsenborn – Belgium
5 Nov 44 – Butgenbach – Belgium
11 Nov 44 – Elsenborn – Belgium

5 Dec 44 – Nothberg – Germany

19 Dec 44 – Sourbrodt – Belgium
21 Dec 44 – Eupen – Belgium
26 Dec 44 – Eupen – Belgium

28 Jan 45 – Kalterherberg – Germany
4 Feb 45 – Hofen – Germany
5 Feb 45 – Einruhr – Germany
8 Feb 45 – Strauch – Germany
12 Feb 45 – Einruhr – Germany
18 Feb 45 – Hurtgen – Germany
28 Feb 45 – Rath – Germany
1 Mar 45 – Leversbach – Germany
2 Mar 45 – Muddersheim – Germany
6 Mar 45 – Lommeraum – Germany
7 Mar 45 – Niel – Germany
8 Mar 45 – Erpel – Germany
20 Mar 45 – Kretzhaus – Germany
26 Mar 45 – Obersteinbach – Germany
27 Mar 45 – Mittlehofen – Germany
28 Mar 45 – Kirchvers – Germany
31 Mar 45 – Schwarzenau – Germany
2 Apr 45 – Hallenberg – Germany
6 Apr 45 – Niedersfeld – Germany
13 Apr 45 – Uftrungen – Germany
17 Apr 45 – Wippra – Germany
19 Apr 45 – Pansfelde – Germany
24 Apr 45 – Kothen – Germany

9th Infantry Division Combat Narrative

The 9th Infantry Division landed in North Africa on November 8 1942, the 39th Infantry Regiment landing east of Algiers near Cap Matifou, the 47th Infantry Regiment taking Safi, and the 60th Infantry Regiment landing at Mehdia and encountering heavy resistance in its attempt to take Port-Lyautey airfield. Upon the sudden collapse of French opposition the division took its objectives November 11 1942 and then patrolled along the Moroccan borders. It then returned to Tunisia in February 1943, engaging in small defensive actions and patrols. On March 12 1943 it attached it’s 60-IR to the 1-AD which took Sened Station on March 21 1943.

The division entered action as a whole for the first time on March 28 1943 in southern Tunisia. The 47-IR attempted to attack from Djebel Berdi which had been abandoned by 1-ID, to try to force a gap for the passage of 1-AD, but the assault was repulsed with heavy losses. The division failed to take Hill 772 and on April 11 was moved north and took over the British 46th Division sector. Reinforced by the Corps Français d’Afrique, the 9-ID attacked toward the Jefna positions on April 23 and the 60-IR took Djebel Dardyss the next day. After sustained combat the 39-IR seized Hill 382 north of Jefna at the end of the month, and the 60-IR occupied Kef en Nsour on May 2 1943 as the Germans withdrew to Bizerte. The 47-IR cleared the hills north of Djebel Cheniti and on May 8, entered Bizerte itself. The 39-IR was sent to Sicily on July 15 and the entire division arrived at Palermo on August 1. It assembled at Nicosia on August 4 and replaced 1-ID on Aug 7 then began the drive on Randazzo. Next it took part in the offensive toward Messina, and afterward moved to England on November 25 1943 to prepare for the invasion of France.

The division landed across Utah Beach France on June 10 1944 (D 4) and the 39-IR forced the Germans back to the Quineville Ridge on June 12. On June 14 the 60-IR initiated its attack toward St Colombe and the following day the 47-IR was committed to take high ground west of Orglandes. The division, reinforced with the 359-IR, attacked with four regiments to establish a bridgehead across the Douve on June 16. Advancing against disorganized opposition, the division reached the west coast of the Cotentin Peninsula and sealed it off on June 17, blocking German flight south and inflicting heavy losses. The division started the final assault on Cherbourg on June 19 with the 39-IR and the 60-IR which attacked the semicircular fortification belt on June 21. The 39-IR captured the German fortress commander and Octeville on June 26 while the 47-IR cracked the arsenal the next day, ending resistance in the city. On June 29 1944 the 47-IR and 60-IR attacked the Cap de la Hague Peninsula and secured it quickly.

The division arrived in the Taute sector from Cherbourg on July 9 and was hit by German armor which penetrated its lines in the Le Dézert region on July 11. The division pushed slowly against determined opposition as it approached St Lo. reaching the Periers – St Lo road on July 18. The 1-ID then passed through its lines into the attack on Marigny on July 26. The division followed the 3-AD to occupy positions on the Fromental – Briouze area of highway links on August 17 and helped close the Falaise Gap. On August 21, it was committed in a defensive role at Mortagne. The division crossed the Marne in the Mieux area on August 27, and continued pursuit with the 3-AD east to the Namur – Dinant region. It crossed at Dinant against strong German opposition and established a bridgehead on September 6. The 47-IR mopped up Liège while the division displaced to the Huy – Faimes vicinity on September 8. The division assembled near Verviers in reserve September 11, and the 14, the 47-IR was sent to the Roetgen Forest while the 60-IR drove north across Germany’s border to secure Kalterherberg and the 39-IR assaulted the Scharnhorst Lipe past Lammersdorf.

By September 17 1944, the 47-IR had battered through the second band of the West Wall and taken Vicht and Shevenhütte. The 60-ID cleared Höffen on the Höffen – Alzen Ridge and the 39-IR reduced a strong point after a three-day pitched battle. The 60-IR engaged in close-quarters fighting in the Huertgen Forest vicinity, and the 39-IR took Hill 554 in the West Wall after heavy combat on September 29. Severe weather hampered continued fighting by the 60-IR, which was reinforced by the 39-IR, in the Huertgen area. Road Junction 471 in the forest was finally secured on October 14, but the division had been halted far short of its objective of Schmidt. The 28-ID relieved it, but the 47-IR attached to the 1-ID pushed through the Huertgen Forest on November 16.

On Dec 7, the division relieved the 1-ID in the Luchem – Langerwehe – Juengersdorf – Merode region. It returned to the offensive on December 10 with the 3-AD, and went forward to the Roer. When the German Ardennes Counteroffensive struck, the division contained attacks on December 16 1944 toward Mariaweiler and Gürzenich. lt next relieved the 2-ID and the 99-ID and defended the Monschau area, restoring the Monschau Forest line by December 23 1944. It held the defensive sector from Kalterherberg to Elsenborn through January 1945.

The division opened its next attack on the West Wall on January 30 1945 and had reached Röhren and the edge of the Monschauer Forest when it was sent to resume the Roer and Urft River dam offensive on February 1. The 39-IR and 60-IR reached the high ground southwest of Dreiborn while the 47-IR cleared heights near Hammer. After house-to-house fighting through several towns, the 47-IR seized Wollseifen and reached the Urft Lake and took Dam on February 7, the 9-ID consolidated and was reinforced by both the 309-IR and 311-IR for the attack on Schwammenauel Dam which was captured by the former on February 9 as the 60-IR reached the Roer River’s banks. The division then switched to the Huertgen Forest sector again and crossed the Roer near Boich on February 26. The reinforced 39-IR pushed toward Thurn and Berg, followed by the 60-IR. The 47-IR crossed the Roer on February 28 and the division attacked toward the Rhine with the 9-AD. on 7 Mar 45 the division reached the Remagen bridgehead where the latter had seized the Ludendorf Railroad Bridge intact, and took over the site’s defense. The division then crossed the Rhine with the 60-IR in the lead, and crossed the Wied River March 22, moving rapidly behind the 9-AD. It reached the Lahn River on March 28 and established defensive positions.

On April 1 1945 the division was moved to block German escape from the Ruhr pocket, and next attacked with the 39-IR to clear the eastern portion of the Harz Mountains on April 14. On April 18, the 60-ID overran Maegdesprung and Friedrichsbrunn while the 47-IR cleared Opperode and the motorized 39-ID reached Quedlinburg. Organized German resistance in the division’s sector ended on April 19 1945. On April 25 1945 the division relieved the 3-AD along the Mulde River near Dessau and held that line until hostilities were declared ended on May 7 1945.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.