1-CD – OOB – WW-2

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Stationed in Fort Bliss, Texas, as 1st Cavalry Division (Special), the unit moved to Toyahvale Texas during the period of October 7-30 and returned to Fort Bliss. It moved to the Cravens-Pitkin Louisiana Maneuver Area (August 13/24 1940) and returned to Fort Bliss until participated in 2-A & 3-A Louisiana Maneuvers (August 10 to October 4) then returned to Fort Bliss.

During the period from July 27 to September 21 1942, the 1-CD participated in the 8th Corps Louisiana Maneuvers near Mansfield, Louisiana, and returned to Fort Bliss. The unit staged at Camp Stoneman, California from July 21 1943 until departed the San Francisco Port of Embarkation on June 26 and arrived in Australia on July 11 where the unit was re-designated 1-CD-(S) on December 4. The 1-CD-(S) departed Australia on December 18 and arrived in New Guinea 2 days later by echelon, last contingent arriving on February 25 1944. The division was then moved to the Manus Island on March 5/15 1944; left Manus Island on October 12 and landed in Leyte, Philippines, on October 20. The 1-CD-(S) left Leyte on January 24 1945 and landed on Luzon, Philippines, on January 26. Finally, the 1-CD-(S) arrived in Japan on September 2 where it remained active until 1946.


WW-1-Forgotten1-CD-(S) – Campaigns : New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Leyte, Luzon, August 1945 Location : Lucena Batangas, Philippine Islands.

1-CD-(S) Order of Battle (1941)

Hqs & Hqs Troops, 1st Cavalry Division
Weapons Troop
5th Cavalry Regiment
12th Cavalry Regiment
7th Cavalry Regiment
8th Cavalry Regiment
61st Field Artillery Battalion (75-MM-(HD)
62nd Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM-(TRKD)
82nd Field Artillery Battalion (75-MM-(HD)
8th Engineer Squadron
1st Medical Squadron
16th Quartermaster Squadron
91st Reconnaissance Squadron
1st Antitank Troop
1st Signal Troop
27th Ordnance Medium Maintenance Company

1-CD-(S) Order of Battle WW-2

Hqs & Hqs Troops, 1st Cavalry Division
5th Cavalry Regiment
12th Cavalry RegimentUSA-C-Leyte-3
7th Cavalry Regiment
8th Cavalry Regiment
61st Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM)
82nd Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM)
99th Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM)
271st Field Artillery Battalion (105-MM)
8th Engineer Squadron
1st Medical Squadron
1st Signal Troop
27th OD Med Mat Co
16th Quartermaster Squadron
302nd Reconnaissance Troop MECZ
603rd Medium Tank Company
Military Police Platoon
801st Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment

1-CD-(S) – Overseas Wartime Assignments

6th Army (US) : July 23rd 1943
10th Corps (US) : October 1st 1944
8th Army (US) : December 26 1944
6th Army (US) : January 27 1945
14th Corps (US) : January 31st 1945
11th Corps (US) : June 15 1945
8th Army (US) : August 15 1945

1-CD-(S) – Wartime Commanders

Maj Gen Innis P. Swift : April 1941 – August 1944
Maj Gen Verne D. Mudge : August 1944 – February 1945
Brig Gen Hugh F. T. Hoffman : Febriary 1945 – July 1945
Maj Gen William C. Chase : July 1945 – Deactivation

1-CD-(S) Casualties

Killed in Action : 734
Wounded in Action : 3311
Died of Wounds : 236

1-CD-(S) – Combat Narrative

The division arrived in Australia on July 26 1943 and engaged in jungle and amphibious training at Toorbul Point and Port Stephens. The 2nd Cavalry Brigade departed Strathpine, Australia on December 19 and arrived in Oro Bay, New Guinea on December 20. The division established its command post at Cap Sudest, New Guinea on January 4 1944, and by February 25 the remainder of the division had arrived in Oro Bay from New Guinea. It then trained for operations in the Admiralty Islands.

A squadron of the 5th Cavalry landed on Los Negros Island on February 29 and after heavy combat occupied the Momote Airfield. It was then reinforced by the 2nd Squadron of the 7th Cavalry on March 4 while on March 6 the 12th Cavalry landed. The 2nd Cavalry Brigade arrived on March 9 and employed the 8th Cavalry to assault the Manus Island on March 15 which overran the Lugos Mission, followed by the 7th Cavalry.

By March 18, Lorengau and its airfield had been captured, and the division mopped up both Los Negros and Manus and seized other nearby islands which secured the Admiralties by May 18 1944. The division then trained for the next operation until departure for the Philippines on October 12.

The 5th, 7th, and the 12th Cavalry assaulted the Leyte Island on October 20 and cleared San Jose, Tacloban Airfield, and Cataisan Peninsula. The 8th Cavalry landed at La Paz Samar Island and secured the San Juanico Strait on October 24. The division regrouped on October 28 as the 2nd Cavalry Brigade assembled at Barugo, converged on Carigara and contacted the 24-ID on November 2.

The 12th Cavalry was attached November 15 and assumed responsibility for the Capocan-Carigara-Barugo area. The division cleared the Mount Badian – Hill 2348 region from November 28 to December 9 and the 12th Cavalry battled at the ridge south of Limon November 30 to December 10 when the 7th Cavalry relieved it and finally captured it on December 14. The 12th Cavalry pushed into Lonoy on December 19 and seized Kananga 2 days later. The division attacked west toward the coast over swamps against scattered resistance on December 23, and the 5th and 12th Cavalry reached the coast at Tibur on December 28.

The division then fought past Villaba to contact the 32-ID on December 30. The 8th Cavalry returned from patrolling on Samar Island on January 8 1945 and the division prepared for movement to Luzon. The division landed in the Mabilao area of Lingayen Gulf Luzon on January 27, and the 12th Cavalry was relieved from attachment on January 31 as the division attacked with the 5th and the 8th Cavalry from Guimba toward Manila. The division entered Manila on February 3 and fought through fierce opposition in the northern and eastern suburbs. The 12th Cavalry attacked into Rosario Heights February 10, and the division overran Neilson Field to reach the shore of Manila Bay 2 days later.

The 7th Cavalry captured crossings over the Mariquina River in the Ugong-Rosario area February 20. The 2nd Cavalry Brigade attacked from the Taytay area on February 23 toward the Shimbu Line but was checked 2 days later in the Antipolo area. The 5th Cavalry captured the Agriculture Building in Manila on March 1. The division began its drive against the Shimbu Line with four regiments abreast on March 8 and stormed Bench Mark Hill 11, and seized the crest of Bench Mark Hill 9, March 10. It was relieved in the Antipolo area March 12 and withdrew for rehabilitation. The division began the drive on Lipa by taking Santo Tomas on March 24 and Los Banos the following day.

By March 29 the 8th Cavalry had captured Lipa and established contact with the 11-A/B, and next opened the Batangas-Calamba supply road into Manila. The division then turned east and the 7th Cavalry seized Alaminos April 1 while the 12th Cavalry fought the Battle for Imoc Hill April 1/5. The 5th Cavalry had reached San Pablo on April 2 and after heavy combat the division took Mauban on the east coast April 10 and established contact with the 11-A/B at Lamon Bay the next day.

The 1st Cavalry Brigade pushed into Bicol Peninsula April 12 and the Japanese defenders had been pocketed north of Mount Matassana Bundoc by April 16. This area was reduced by the 2nd Cavalry Brigade commencing April 17. Beginning on May 2 the 5th Cavalry probed Mount Isarong for the next two weeks. The division was relieved of its combat missions on June 26 and engaged exclusively in training at Lucena, where it had been since May 6. The division was in this capacity when hostilities ended.

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(NB : Published for Good – October 2019)

 

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