2-AD – OOB – WW-2

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The 2nd Armored Division was activated on July 15 1940 at Fort Benning, Georgia. It participated in the VII Corps Tennessee Maneuvers from June 2 to June 28 1941 and moved to Ragley, Louisiana, on August 12 1941 to participate in the 2nd and 3rd Army Louisiana Maneuvers.

The Division returned to Fort Benning Georgia on September 29 1941 and participated (November 2 1941), in the 1st Army Carolina Maneuvers, then returned to Fort Benning on December 2. Relocated to Monroe, North Carolina on July 10 1942 for the II Armored Corps Carolina Maneuvers and was transferred to Fort Bragg, North Carolina on August 15 1942. The 2-AD staged at Fort Dix, New Jersey, on November 3 1942 until departed the New York Port of Embarkation on December 11 1942; arrived in North Africa on December 25 1942 (less elements which invaded November 8 1942). The 2-AD assaulted Sicily on July 10 1943 and departed November 12, arrived in England on November 25 and landed in France on June 7, 8 and 9 1944.

The Division crossed to Belgium on September 2 and Holland on September 11, initially entered Germany on September 18, returned to Holland then to Belgium on December 22. The 2-AD re-entered Germany on February 4 1945, returned to the New York POE on January 19 1946 then arrived at Camp Hood, Texas on February 4 1946. The Division was deactivated later in 1946.



2nd Armored Division – Casualties

Killed in Action : 1102; Wounded in Action : 5331; Missing in Action : 253; Captured : 65; Battle Casualties : 6751; Non-Battle Casualties : 7116; Total Casualties : 13867

Individual Awards

DCS : 21; Legion of Merit : 13; Silver Star Medal : 1954; Soldiers Medal : 131; Bronze Star Medal : 5331; Air Medal : 342; PWs Taken : 76963.

2nd Armored Division – Command & Staff

Commanding General
Maj Gen Hugh J. Gaffey : 24 Nov 1943 – 18 Mar 1944
Maj Gen Edward H. Brooks : 18 Mar 1944 – 12 Sep 1944
Maj Gen Ernest N. Harmon : 12 Sep 1944 – 18 Jan 1945
Brig Gen Isaac D. White : 18 Jan 1945 – 23 Mar 1945
Maj Gen Isaac D. White : 23 Mar 1945 – Until the deactivation of the Division in 1946

Artillery Commander
Col Thomas A. Roberts Jr : 24 Nov 1943 – 5 Aug 1944
Lt Col Carl I. Hutton : 5 Aug 1944 – 2 Nov 1944
Col Carl I. Hutton : 2 Nov 1944 – Until the deactivation of the Division in 1946

Chief of Staff
Col Redding F. Perry : 24 Nov 1943 – 18 Mar 1944
Col Charles D. Pamer : 18 Mar 1944 – 29 Sep 1944
Col Clayton J. Mansfield : 29 Sep 1944 – 30 Dec 1944
Col Gustavus W. West : 30 Dec 1944 – Until the deactivation of the Division in 1946

Assistant Chief of Staff, G-1
Lt Col Harold M. Forde : 24 Nov 1943 – 7 Oct 1944
Maj Calvin S. Hannum : 7 Oct 1944 – 10 Jan 1945
Lt Col Calvin S. Hannum : 10 Jan 1945 – Until the deactivation of the Division in 1946

Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2
Lt Col Harold M. Forde : 24 Nov 1943 – 27 Apr 1944
Lt Col Jesse M. Hawkins Jr : 27 Apr 1944 – 9 Sep 1944
Maj Eugene A. Trahan : 9 Sep 1944 – 16 Dec 1944
Lt Col Eugene A. Trahan : 16 Dec 1944 – Until the deactivation of the Division in 1946


Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3
Maj Lindsay C. Herkness Jr : 24 Nov 1943 – 27 Dec 1943
Lt Col Russell W. Jenna : 27 Dec 1943 – 23 Jan 1945
Lt Col Briard P. Johnson : 23 Jan 1945 – 24 Apr 1945
Lt Col Jasper J. Wilson : 24 Apr 1945 – Until the deactivation of the Division in 1946

Assistant Chief of Staff, G-4
Lt Col Charles C. Peterson : 19 Feb 1944 – 15 Dec 1944
Lt Col Lewis M. Flint : 15 Dec 1944 – Until the deactivation of the Division in 1946

Assistant Chief of Staff, G-5
Maj Marcel F.J. Brunow : 19 Feb 1944 – 15 Jul 1944
Lt Col Marcel F.J. Brunow : 15 Jul 1944 – 11 Dec 1944
Maj Byron L. Connell (Actg) : 11 Dec 1944 – 26 Dec 1944
Lt Col Marcel F.J. Brunow : 26 Dec 1944 – Until the deactivation of the Division in 1946

Adjutant General
Lt Col Robert H. Shell : 24 Nov 1943 – 19 Mar 1945
Maj Clem G. Hailey : 19 Mar 1945 – 7 Apr 1945
Maj Robert F. Smith : 7 Apr 1945 – Until the deactivation of the Division in 1946

CCA Commander

Brig Gen Rose : 24 Nov 1943 – 4 Aug 1944
Col John H. Collier : 4 Aug 1944 – 12 Nov 1944
Brig Gen John H. Collier : 12 Nov 1944 – Until the deactivation of the Division in 1946

CCB Commander
Col Isaac D. White : 24 Nov 1943 – 28 May 1944
Brig Gen Isaac D. White : 28 May 1944 – 19 Jan 1945
Col Sidney R. Hinds : 19 Jan 1945 – 21 Mar 1945
Brig Gen Sidney R. Hinds : 21 Mar 1945 – Until the deactivation of the Division in 1946

2nd Armored Division – Order of Battle 1944-1945
Headquarters Company
Service Company
Combat Command A
Combat Command B
Reserve Command
41st Armored Infantry Regiment
66th Armored Regiment
67th Armored Regiment
17th Armored Engineer Battalion
82nd Armored Reconnaissance Battalion
142d Armored Signal Company
2nd Armored Division Artillery
14th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
78th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
92nd Armored Field Artillery Battalion
2nd Armored Division Trains
2nd Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
Supply Battalion
48th Armored Medical Battalion
Military Police Platoon

Attachments to the 2nd Armored Division
Antiaircraft Artillery
195th AAA AW Bn (SP) : 11 Jun 1944 – till VE Day
Btrys C & D 129th AAA Gun Bn (Mbl) : 25 Jul 1944 – 30 Jul 1944
Btrys A & B 474th AAA AW Bn (SP) : 28 Jul 1944 – 31 Jul 1944

Armored
Sq B Br 1st Fife & Forfar Yeo (Br 79th Armd Div) : 15 Nov 1944 – 24 Nov 1944
40th Tk Bn (7th Armd Div) : 23 Nov 1944 – 24 Nov 1944
Sq B Br 1st Fife & Forfar Yeo (Br 79th Armd Div) : 25 Dec 1944 – 18 Jan 1945
Elm 738th Tank Bn (Mine Exploder) : 12 Jan 1945 – 17 Jan 1945
A Co 739th Tk Bn : 27 Feb 1945 – 5 mar 1945

Cavalry
24th Cav Rcn Sq : 25 Jul 1944 – 28 Jul 1944
113th Cav Rcn Sq : 6 Aug 1944 – 15 Aug 1944
1st Plat 30th Rcn Tr (30th Div) : 7 Aug 1944 – 12 Aug 1944
4th Cav Gp : 23 Dec 1944 – 31 Dec 1944

Engineer
Co B 327th Engr C Bn (102d Div) : 16 Nov 1944 – 25 Nov 1944
Co B 105th Engr C Bn (30th Div) : 2 Apr 1945 – 16 Apr 1945

Field Artillery
65th Armd FA Bn : 3 Jul 1944 – 8 Jul 1944
65th Armd FA Bn : 13 Jul 1944 – 30 Sep 1944
62d Armd FA Bn : 25 Jul 1944 – 22 Sep 1944
258th FA Bn (155 Gun) : 6 Aug 1944 – 26 Aug 1944
258th FA Bn (155 Gun) : 3 Oct 1944 – 30 Oct 1944
65th Armd FA Bn : 5 Oct 1944 – 21 Dec 1944
62d Armd FA Bn : 6 Oct 1944 – 25 Oct 1944
70th FA Bn (105 How) : 25 Oct 1944 – 3 Nov 1944
557th FA Bn (155 Gun) : 30 Oct 1944 – 8 Nov 1944
83d Armd FA Bn : 4 Nov 1944 – 24 Nov 1944
380th FA Bn (102d Div) (105 How) : 17 Nov 1944 – 25 Nov 1944
957th FA Bn (155 How) : 22 Dec 1944 – 17 Jan 1945
87th Armd FA Bn : 22 Dec 1944 – 19 Jan 1945
65th Armd FA Bn : 5 Feb 1945 – 10 Mar 1945
696th Armd FA Bn : 6 Feb 1945 – 10 Mar 1945
258th FA Gp : 26 Feb 1945 – 5 Mar 1945
696th Armd FA Bn : 26 Mar 1945 – 19 Apr 1945
258th FA Bn (155 Gun) : 26 Mar 1945 – 19 Apr 1945
65th Armd FA Bn : 27 Mar 1945 – 19 Apr 1945
113th FA Bn (30th Div) (155 How) : 2 Apr 1945 – 5 Apr 1945
197th FA Bn (30th Div) (105 How) : 2 Apr 1945 – 17 Apr 1945

Infantry
22d CT (4th Div) : 21 Jul 1944 – 1 Aug 1944
44th FA Bn (4th Div) (105 How) : 21 Jul 1944 – 1 Aug 1944
1st Plat Co C 4th Engr C Bn (4th Div) : 21 Jul 1944 – 1 Aug 1944
2d Bn 119th Inf (30th Div) : 2 Aug 1944 – 12 Aug 1944
3d Bn 119th Inf (30th Div) : 3 Aug 1944 – 4 Aug 1944
3d Bn 120th Inf (30th Div) : 9 Aug 1944 – 12 Aug 1944
3d Bn 8th Inf (4th Div) : 11 Aug 1944 – 14 Aug 1944
99th Inf Bn (Non-Div) : 15 Aug – 18 Sep 1944
3d Bn 116th Inf (29th Div) : 4 Oct 1944 – 29 Oct 1944
2d Bn 116th Inf (29th Div) : 8 Oct 1944 – 11 Oct 1944
405th Inf (102d Div) : 26 Oct 1944 – 3 Nov 1944
1st Bn 405th Inf (102d Div) : 3 Nov 1944 – 6 Nov 1944
406th Inf (-1st Bn) (102d Div) : 6 Nov 1944 – 25 Nov 1944
1st Bn 406th Inf (102d Div) : 9 Nov 1944 – 25 Nov 1944
2d Bn 119th Inf (30th Div) : 11 Nov 1944 – 28 Nov 1944
335th CT (84th Div) : 22 Nov 1944 – 24 Nov 1944
1st Bn 119th Inf (30th Div) : 25 Nov 1944 – 3 Dec 1944
60th CT (9th Div) : 22 Dec 1944 – 23 Dec 1944
2d Bn 291st Inf (75th Div) : 25 Dec 1944 – 28 Dec 1944
1st 2d & 3d Bns 335th Inf (84th Div) : 1 Jan 1945 – 10 Jan 1945
335th Inf (84th Div) : 1 Jan 1945 – 11 Jan 1945
1st & 2d Bns 333d Inf (84th Div) : 10 Jan 1945 – 17 Jan 1945
3d Bn 333d Inf (84th Div) : 10 Jan 1945 – 17 Jan 1945
331st Inf (83d Div) : 28 Feb 1945 – 1 Mar 1945
908th FA Bn (83d Div) (105 How) : 28 Feb 1945 – 1 Mar 1945
Co C 308th Engr C Bn : 28 Feb 1945 – 1 Mar 1945
379th Inf (95th Div) : 1 Mar 1945 – 4 Mar 1945
377th Inf (95th Div) : 29 Mar 1945 – 2 Apr 1945
119th Inf (30th Div) : 2 Apr 1945 – 17 Apr 1945

Tank Destroyers
702d TD Bn (SP) : 11 Jun 1944 – 21 Sep 1944
702d TD Bn (SP) : 1 Oct 1944 – 7 Feb 1945
Co A 814th TD Bn (SP) : 23 Nov 1944 – 24 Nov 1944
702d TD Bn (SP) : 27 Feb 1945 – VE Day

2nd Armored Division – Detachments to
Armored
1st Bn 66th Armd Regt : 101st Abn Div – 16 Jun 1944 – 28 Jun 1944
1st Bn 66th Armd Regt : 83d Div – 28 Jun 1944 – 6 Jul 1944
CCA : XIX Corps – 28 Jul 1944 – 16 Aug 1944
G Co 66th Armd Regt : 113th Cav Gp – 22 Sep 1944 – 1 Oct 1944
3d Bn 66th Armd Regt : 30th Div – 12 Oct 1944 – 22 Oct 1944
A Co 67th Armd Regt : 7th Armd Gp – 18 Dec 1944 – 22 Dec 1944
CCB : 3d Div – 26 Feb 1945 – 27 Feb 1945
CCR : 83d Div – 14 Apr 1945 – 20 Apr 1945
3d Bn 67th Armd Regt : 83d Div – 19 Apr 1945 – 30 Apr 1945

Cavalry
82d Armd Rcn Bn : 4th Cav Gp – 19 Jan 1945 – 21 Jan 1945

Engineer
Co E 17th Armd Engr Bn : 1153d Engr C Gp – 9 Mar 1945 – 31 Mar 1945

Field Artillery
78th Armd FA Bn : 4th Cav Gp – 19 Jan 1945 – 21 Jan 1945
2d Armd Div Arty : 30th Div – 7 Feb 1945 – 27 Feb 1945
2d Armd Div Arty : 113th Cav Gp – 11 Mar 1945 – 26 Mar 1945

2nd Armored Division Assignments & Attachments to
Date (As.) — Corps (At.) — Army (As.) — Army Group (At.)
24 Nov 1943 – . – First – ETOUSA
27 Nov 1943 – VII – First – .
8 Feb 1944 – XIX – First – .
12 Jun 1944 – V – First – .
18 Jul 1944 – VII – First – .
2 Aug 1944 – XIX – First – 12th
7 Aug 1944 – VII – First – 12th
13 Aug 1944 – XIX – First – 12th
18 Aug 1944 – V – First – 12th
19 Aug 1944 – XIX – First – 12th
28 Aug 1944 – XV – First – 12th
29 Aug 1944 – XIX – First – 12th
22 Oct 1944 – XIX – Ninth – 12th
22 Dec 1944 – VII – First – 12th – Br 21st
18 Jan 1945 – VII – First – 12th – Br 21st
16 Feb 1945 – XIX – Ninth – 12th – Br 21st
4 Apr 1945 – XIX – Ninth – 12th – Br 21st
8 May 1945 – . – Ninth – 12th

2nd Armored Division – Command Posts Locations
1942
(no infos available on file for Torch and Tunisia)
(informations welcomed)
(same for Sicily)

1943
27 Nov – Tidworth – Wiltshire – England

1944
7 Jun – St-Laurent-sur-Mer – Calvados – France
10 Jun – La Mine – Calvados – France
2 Jul – St-Paul-du-Vernay (vic NW) – Calvados – France
18 Jul – La Mine – Calvados – France
24 Jul – Le Dezert – Manche – France
25 Jul – Pont Herbert (vic W) – Manche – France
26 Jul – Notre-Dame-de-Cenilly (vic SW) – Manche – France
3 Aug – Percy (vic S) – Manche – France
4 Aug – Courson (vic N) – Manche – France
7 Aug – Le Teilleul (1 Mi NE) – Manche – France
10 Aug – Barenton (2 Mi W) – Manche – France
18 Aug – Sees (1 mi S) – Orne – France
19 Aug – Longny-au-Perche (vic W) – Orne – France
20 Aug – Brezolles (vic N) – Eure-et-Loire – France
25 Aug – Le Neubourg (3 mi S) – Eure-et-Loire – France
27 Aug – Mantes-Gassicourt (4 mi W) – Eure-et-Loire – France
30 Aug – Magny-en-Vexin (vic N) – Seine-et-Oise – France
31 Aug – Beauvais (2 mi S) – Oise – France
1 Sep – Peronne (vic NW) – Somme – France
2 Sep – Rumes – Hainaut – Belgium
6 Sep – Archennes (vic W) – Brabant – Belgium
8 Sep – Louvain (vic SE) – Brabant – Belgium
9 Sep – Hasselt (4 mi W) – Limbourg – Belgium
16 Sep – Maastricht (2 mi NE) – Limburg – Neth
18 Sep – Schimmert – Limburg – Netherlands
19 Sep – Oirsbeek (1 mi SE) – Limburg – Netherlands
4 Oct – Nieuwenhagen – Limburg – Netherlands
9 Oct – Grotenrath – Rhineland – Germany
11 Oct – Waubach – Limburg – Netherlands
11 Nov – Ubach Palenberg (1/2 mi E) – Rhineland – Germany
17 Nov – Ubach Palenberg (1 mi SE) – Rhineland – Germany
24 Nov – Baesweiler (1/2 mi SE) – Rhineland – Germany
22 Dec – Havelange (2 mi S) – Namur – Belgium
25 Dec – Mohiville (1 mi W) – Namur – Namur
28 Dec – Leignon – Namur – Belgium
29 Dec – Mohiville (1 mi W) – Namur – Belgium

1945
2 Jan – Weris – (Prov) Luxembourg – Belgium
7 Jan – Fisenne – (Prov) Luxembourg – Belgium
11 Jan – Erpigny – (Prov) Luxembourg – Belgium
13 Jan – Odeigne – (Prov) Luxembourg – Belgium
14 Jan – St-Jean (Farm) – (Prov) Luxembourg – Belgium
20 Jan – Florze – (Prov) Liege – Belgium
3 Feb – Gulpen (1 mi W) – Limburg – Netherlands
24 Feb – Aachen (2 mi NW) – Rhineland – Germany
27 Feb – Mersch – Rhineland – Germany
28 Feb – Garzweiler – Rhineland – Germany
1 Mar – Glehn – Rhineland – Germany
2 Mar – Heide – Rhineland – Germany
3 Mar – Krefeld (4 mi S) – Rhineland – Germany
14 Mar – Schiefbahn – Rhineland – Germany
28 Mar – Bruckhausen – Westphalia – Germany
29 Mar – Altschermbeck – Westphalia – Germany
30 Mar – Hullern (1 mi E) – Westphalia – Germany
31 Mar – Walstedde – Westphalia – Germany
1 Apr – Stromberg – Westphalia – Germany
2 Apr – Schloss Holte – Westphalia – Germany
4 Apr – Lemgo – Westphalia – Germany
5 Apr – Schwobber – Hannover – Germany
7 Apr – Elze – Hannover – Germany
10 Apr – Soder – Hannover – Germany
11 Apr – Hornburg – Hannover – Germany
12 Apr – Klein Wanzleben – Hannover – Germany
13 Apr – Gross Ottersleben – Hannover – Germany
21 Apr – Wolfenbuttel – Hannover – Germany
22 Apr – Braunschweig – Forst Konigslutter – Germany

2nd Armored Division Combat Narrative

North Africa : Elements of the 66-AIR and 67-AIR landed at Mehdia, Fedala and Safi respectively on November 8 1942 in North Africa. CCB received the surrender of Mazagan on November 11 1942 and later some elements fought at Beja, Tunisia.

Sicily : The division entered combat as a whole during the invasion of Sicily on July 10 1943. CCA assaulted Licata while the rest of the division landed east of Gela. CCB mopped up the Niscemi area while CCA advanced, and on July 15 1943 the division assembled at Campobello and then followed the army advance to exploit breakthroughs. It was committed into action July 22 1943 and rapidly drove to the outskirts of Palermo. The division was then sent to England and trained for the invasion in Normandy.

France : The division landed in France on June 9 1944 and initially employed to strengthen the Auville-sur-le-Vey Bridgehead. It attacked July 26 1944 through 30th Infantry Division and took St Denis le Gast on July 28 1944, being relieved in the Percy area on July 29 1944. Tessy fell to CCA on August 1 1944 and on August 7, the division was committed to stop the German drive on Avranches. On August 14, CCA overran Domfort and a day later, the division attacked west of Dreux to cut German forces off from the Seine between Paris and Elbeuf. It reached Le Neubourg August 23 1944 and resumed the advance on August 30 1944, reaching positions northwest of Cambrai by September 1 1944.

Belgium & Nethelands : CCA crossed the Albert Canal on September 13 and reached the Meuse River the next day as the German defenders withdrew, CCB crossed the Albert Canal at Meerseen Sepptember 15, but its bridgehead was subjected to heavy fire the following day and CCA crossed at Valkenburg. The Germans were forced back to Sittard which was taken September 18 as the division effected a breakthrough and drove to Gangelt, but a strong German counterattack restored their lines September 19. The division then took up defensive positions near Geilenkirchen.

Germany : The division attacked October 3 as it crossed the Wurm River at Marienburg to expand the 30th Infantry Division Bridgehead. CCB attacked from Ubach Palenberg the next day, suffering heavy tank losses, and CCA reinforced. CCB was stopped short of Geilenkirchen October 6. The division fought through heavy combat at and Oidtweiler to attack the Aachen Gap at Wurselen starting October 13. On November 16, the division attacked and took Puffendorf on the outer ring of the Jülich defenses with CCB, which was counter-attacked the next day and CCA committed. Against strong opposition, CCB took Apweiler and held it against counterattack November 18/19. The division renewed its attacks in heavy rain on November 20 and CCA fought the Battle for Merzenhausen November 22/27. CCA then took Barmen and reached the Roer River on November 28. The division then assumed defensive positions along the Roer until released as a result of the German Ardennes Counteroffensive, moving to the Durbuy – Marche area in Belgium December 20/24.

Belgium : CCA reached Buissonville December 24 and CCB took Celles the next day and held it against counter-attack. The division cleared Humain against strong opposition and then was relieved in the Havelange area by 83rd Infantry Division, regrouping on December 28. The division attacked toward Houffalize on January 3 and fought the Battle for Odeigne on January 4/6, reached the Ourthe River January 15, and occupied Houffalize January 16. The division then was relieved by the 4th Cav Group on January 19 and withdrew for rehabilitation.

Germany : The division assembled across the Roer River on February 27 and attacked on March 1 across the Cologne Plain as it assaulted over the Nord Canal. It concluded the offensive on March 4 as CCB took Verdingen on the Rhine. It crossed the Rhine River March 27 and relieved the 17-Abn March 29. CCB then drove to Lippstadt where it made contact with the advancing 3rd Armored Division on April 1. The division commenced the Battle for the Teutoburger Wald Passes on April 2 and by April 5 CCA had reached and crossed the Weser River at Ohr and CCB at Grohnde. CCA advanced to take the bridge at Schulenberg over the Leine River intact the next day. After regrouping April 7, the division renewed its offensive on April 10 as CCB took the Oker River bridge at Schladen. CCB then drove 57 miles to reach the Elbe River south of Magdeburg on April 11. CCA assaulted Magdeburg with the 30th Infantry Division April 17/18. The division was moved to an occupation zone south of Braunschweig April 20 and mopped up stragglers in Forst Konigslutter April 21/22. Hostilities ended officially on May 7 1945.

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(NB : Published for Good – October 2019)

 

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