101st A/B Division – Order of Battle – 1944-1945

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Birth of an Elite

The 101st Division Hqs was first organized on November 2 1918 at Camp Shelby, Mississippi, having been constituted on July 23 during the same year, in the National Army. World War I ended 9 days later and the Unit was demobilized on December 11 1918. In 1921, the division headquarters was reconstituted in the Organized Reserves, and organized on September 10 1921, at Milwaukee, Wisconsin. It was at this time that the ‘Screaming Eagle’ became associated with the division, as a successor to the traditions of the Wisconsin volunteer regiments of the American Civil War (Old Abe). As part of the reorganization of the 101st as an airborne division in the Army of the United States, the reserve division was disbanded on 15 August 1942, the same day the 101st Airborne Division was activated on at Camp Claiborne, Louisiana, and transferred to Fort Bragg, North Carolina, on September 29 1942. On June 7 1943 the division was moved to Springfield, Tennessee, for the Second Army #1 Maneuvers then returned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina on July 20 1943. Ready for oversea duties, the 101st moved to the New York POE August 31 1943, departed September 5 1943 and arrived September 15 in England. The 101st A/B air-assaulted Normandy, France on June 6 1944 and was sent back to England on July 13. On September 17, the 101st air-assaulted the Nijmegen – Arnhem area in Holland during Operation Market Garden. After Holland, the 101st moved back to France on November 28 and crossed into Belgium on December 18 1944 for the Battle of the Bulge. The division entered Germany on April 4 1945 and was inactivated in France on November 30 1945.

101st A/B Division Casualties :

Killed in action : 1766
Wounded in action : 6388
Missing in action : 207
Prisoner of war : 967
Total battle casualties : 9328


Order of Battle 101st Airborne Division – 1944-1945

Division Headquarters
327th Glider Infantry Regiment
401st Glider Infantry Regiment (disbanded March 1 1945; assets to 327th GIR)
501st Parachute Infantry Regiment (attached May 1 1944)
502nd Parachute Infantry Regiment
506th Parachute Infantry Regiment (attached September 15 1943)
HHB Division Artillery
321st Glider Field Artillery Battalion (75-MM)
377th Parachute Field Artillery Battalion (75-MM)
463rd Parachute Field Artillery Battalion (75-MM)
907th Glider Field Artillery Battalion (75-MM)
81st Airborne Antiaircraft Battalion
101st Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment
101st Parachute Maintenance Company
101st Signal Company
326th Airborne Engineer Battalion
326th Airborne Medical Company
426th Airborne Quartermaster Company
801st Airborne Ordnance Maintenance Company
Headquarters Company, 101st Airborne Division
Headquarters, Special Troops
Military Police Platoon
Reconnaissance Platoon
Band (assigned March 1 1945)

101st A/B Division Commanders :

– Maj Gen William C. Lee (Aug 1942 – Mar 1944)
– Maj Gen Maxwell D. Taylor (Mar 1944 – Dec 1944)
– Brig Gen Anthony C. McAuliffe (Dec 1944 – Dec 1944)
– Maj Gen Maxwell D. Taylor (Dec 1944 – Sept 1945)
– Brig Gen William M. Gillmore (Sept 1945 – Sept 1945)
– Brig Gen Gerald St C. Mickle (Sept 1945 – Sept 1945)
– Brig Gen Stuart Cutler (Sept 1945 – October 1945)

Assistant Division Commander

Brig Gen Don F. Pratt (Sep 15 1943)
Brig Gen Gerald J. Higgins (Aug 1 1944)

Artillery Commander

Brig Gen Anthony C. McAuliffe (Sep 15 1943)
Col Thomas L. Sherburne (Dec 5 1944)
Brig Gen Anthony McAuliffe (Dec 27 1944)
Col William N. Gillmore (Feb 9 1945)
Brig Gen William N. Gillmore (May 1 1945)

Chief of Staff

Col Gerald J. Higgins (Sep 15 1943)
Lt Col Raymond D. Millener (Aug 11 1944)
Col Raymond D. Millener (Oct 21 1944)
Lt Col Ned D. Moore (Acting) (Dec 8 1944)
Col John H. Michaelis (Dec 28 1944)
Lt Col Ned D. Moore (Feb 10 1945)
Col Ned D. Moore (Mar 8 1945)

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-1

Lt Col Ned D. Moore (Sep 15 1943)
Maj Frank R. Brower, Jr. (Acting) (Dec 14 1944)
Lt Col Ned D. Moore (Dec 28 1944)
Maj Frank R. Brower, Jr. (Feb 10 1945)
Lt Col Frank R. Brower, Jr. (Apr 16 1945)

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-2

Lt Col Ralph M. Neal (Sep 15 1943)
Maj Arthur M. Sommerfield (Apr 17 1944)
Maj Paul A. Danahy (Jul 7 1944)
Lt Col Paul A. Danahy (Nov 11 1944)

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-3

Lt Col Raymond D. Millener (Sep 15 1943)
Lt Col Harold W. Hannah (Jul 1 1944)
Lt Col Harry W. O. Kinnard, Jr. (Sep 30 1944)
Lt Col Charles H. Chase (Acting) (Mar 8 1945)
Col Harry W. O. Kinnard, Jr. (Apr 16 1945)

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-4

Lt Col Carl W. Kohls (Sep 15 1943)

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-5

Maj Glen C. Eberle (May 6 1944)
Maj Charles H. Stephens (Jun 18 1944)
Maj Ralph L. Blanchard (Aug 30 1944)
Capt Robert S. Smith (Jan 9 1945)
Maj George R. Dessaussure (Mar 7 1945)
Maj Robert S. Smith (May 7 1945)

Adjutant General

Lt Col Edward Schmitt (Sep 15 1943)

CO – 327th Glider Infantry Regiment

Col George S. Wear (Sep 15 1943)
Col Joseph H. Harper (Jun 10 1944)

CO – 501st Parachute Infantry Regiment

Col Howard R. Johnson (Feb 1 1944)
Col Julian J. Ewell (Oct 7 1944)
Lt Col Robert A. Ballard (Jan 9 1945)
Col Robert A. Ballard (Apr 30 1945)

CO – 502d Parachute Infantry Regiment

Col George V. H. Moseley (Sep 15 1943)
Col J. H. Michaelis (Jun 9 1944)
Col Steve A. Chappuis (Sep 23 1944)

CO – 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment

Col Robert F. Sink (Sep 15 1943)

Statistics

Activated : August 15 1942
Arrived ETO : September 15 1943
Arrived Continent (D Day) : June 6 1944
Entered Combat : June 6 1944
Days in Combat : 214

Campaigns

– Normandy
– Ardennes
– Rhineland
– Central Europe

Individual Awards

Distinguished Service Cross : 47
Legion of Merit : 12
Silver Star : 516
Soldiers Medal : 4
Bronze Star : 6977
Air Medal : 46
Prisoners of War Taken : 29527

101st Airborne Division Attachments
Antiaircraft Artillery

1st Plat, Btry A, 474th AAA AW Bn (SP) – Jun 9 1944 – Jun 11 1944
(British) 502d Light AA Btry – Nov 14 1944
2 plats, Baker, 796th AAA AW Bn (SP) – Jan 9 1945 – 10 Jan 1945
Btrys A, B & C, 61st Abn AA Bn – Jun 11 1945 – Feb 27 1945
567 th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) – Feb 23 1945 – Feb 27 1945
2d Plat, Btry D, 910th AAA AW Bn (Mbl) – May 5 1945 – May 9 1945

Armored

Dog Co, 70th Tank Bn – Jun 6 1944 – Jun 16 1944
Fox Co, 70th Tank Bn – Jun 7 1944 – ?
1st Bn, 66th Armd Regt (2-AD) – Jun 17 1944 – Jun 26 1944
759th Tank Bn – Jun 28 1944 – Jul 8 1944
(British) 44th Armd Regt (4th Armd Bde) – (Sep 19 1944 – Sep 25 1944)
(British) 13/18 Hussars (79th Armd Div) – Oct 18 1944 – Oct 22 1944
(British) 4/7 Dragoon Guards (79th Armd Div) – Nov 2 1944 – Nov 11 1944
2nd Tank Bn (9-AD) – Dec 19 1944 – Dec 30 1944
CCR (9-AD) – Dec 20 1944 – Dec 31 1944
CCB (10-AD) – Dec 20 1944 – Jan 18 1945
CCB (4-AD) – Jan 8 1945 – Jan 10 1945
Able Co & 1st Plat, Dog Co, 781st Tank Bn – Jan 26 1945 – Jan 28 1945
Able Co, 47th Tank Bn (14-AD) – Feb 5 1945 – Feb 14 1945
Able Co & 3d Plat, Dog Co, 781st Tank Bn – Feb 6 1945 – Feb 7 1945
1st Plat, Dog Co, 47th Tank Bn (14-AD) – Feb 7 1945 – Feb 13 1945
2d Plat, Dog Co, 47th Tank Bn (14-AD) – Feb 13 1945 – Feb 19 1945
Baker Co, 47th Tank Bn (14-AD) – Feb 14 1945 – Feb 25 1945
113th Tank Bn – May 5 1945 – May 8 1945
774th Tank Bn – May 5 1945 – May 9 1945

Cavalry

24th Cav Recon Sq – Jun 29 1944 – Jul 8 1944
4th Cav Gp – Jul 1 1944 – Jul 8 1944
(British) 53d Recon Regt (53rd Div) – Oct 5 1944 – Oct 6 1944
(British) Sqs A&B Royal Scots Greys – Oct 6 1944 – Oct 7 1944
(British) 61st Recon Regt – Oct 6 1944 – Oct 12 1944
(British) Sq C Br Royal Scots Greys – Oct 6 1944 – Oct 17 1944
(British) Sq C Br 61st Recon Regt – Oct 10 1944 – Oct 12 1944
(British) Br 53d Recon Regt (53d Div) – Oct 13 1944 – Oct 19 1944
101st Cav Gp – May 5 1945 – May 9 1945
116th Cav Recon Sq – May 8 1945 – May 9 1945

Baker & Charlie Cos, 87th Cml Mort Bn – Jun 11 1944 – Jun 12 1944
Baker Co, 99th Cml Mort Bn – May 5 1945 – May 8 1945

Engineer

48th Engr Combat Bn – May 5 1945 – May 9 1945

Field Artillery

65th Armored Field Artillery Bn – Jun 6 1944 – Jun 26 1944
87th Armored Field Artillery Bn – Jun 10 1944 – Jun 14 1944
188th Field Artillery Bn (155-MM How) – Jun 11 1944 – Jun 12 1944
951st Field Artillery Bn (155-MM How) – Jun 12 1944 – Jun 15 1944
14th Field Artillery Abn Bn – Jun 13 1944 – Jun 16 1944
(British) 4th Royal Horse Field Arty Regt (RA) (Mecz) – Oct 12 1944 – Oct 18 1944
(British) 147th Field Arty Regt – Oct 18 1944 – ?
(British) 6th Field Arty Regt – Nov 8 1944 – ?
463d Parachute Field Artillery Bn – Dec 18 1944 – ?
755th Field Artillery Bn (155-MM How) – Dec 19 1944 – Jan 12 1945
969th Field Artillery Bn (155-MM How) – Dec 19 1944 – Jan 12 1945
775th Field Artillery Bn (4.5″ Gun) – Dec 19 1944 – Jan 15 1945
333d Field Artillery Gp – Dec 20 1944 – Dec 28 1944
559th Field Artillery Bn (155-MM Gun) – Jan 1 1945 – Jan 3 1945
559th Field Artillery Bn (155-MM Gun) – Jan 11 1945 – Jan 12 1945
687th Field Artillery Bn (105-MM How) – Jan 12 1945 – Jan 18 1945
770th Field Artillery Bn (4.5″ Gun) – Jan 13 1945 – Jan 14 1945
463rd Parachute Field Artillery Bn – Feb 25 1945 – Feb 26 1945
250th Field Artillery Gp – Apr 7 1945 – Apr 11 1945
790th Field Artillery Bn (8″ How) – Apr 8 1945 – Apr 11 1945
942d Field Artillery Bn (155-MM How) – Apr 7 1945 – Apr 17 1945
490th Field Artillery Bn (155-MM How) – Apr 10 1945 – Apr 17 1945
805th Field Artillery Bn (155-MM How) – Apr 11 1945 – Apr 17 1945
529th Field Artillery Bn (8″ How) – Apr 14 1945 – Apr 17 1945
791st Field Artillery Bn (8″ How) – Apr 15 1945 – Apr 17 1945
969th Field Artillery Bn (155-MM How) – May 5 1945 – May 7 1945
522d Field Artillery Bn (105-MM How) – May 5 1945 – May 7 1945
342d Armored Field Artillery Bn – May 8 1945 – May 9 1945

Infantry

506th Parachute Infantry Regiment – Sep 15 1943 (Organic Mar 1 1945)
501st Parachute Infantry Regiment – Jan 1944 – May 9 1945
(British) 5th Duke of Cornwall’s Light Inf – Oct 5 1944 – ?
(British) Sherwood Rangers – Oct 22 1944 – Nov 2 1944
(British) Sherwood Rangers – Nov 2 1944 – ?
(British) 152d Brig (51st Highland Div) – Nov 19 1944 – Nov 26 1944
509th Parachute Infantry Battalion – Nov 22 1944 – Dec 18 1944
Task Force Higgins – Jan 3 1945 – Jan 6 1945
193d Glider Infantry Regiment – (17-A/B) – Jan 3 1945 – Jan 7 1945
193d Glider Infantry Regiment – (17-A/B) – Jan 14 1945 – Jan 18 1945

Tank Destroyer

(British) 304th AT Btry – Oct 12 1944 – Oct 13 1944
(British) 74th AT Btry – Nov 9 1944 – Nov 13 1944
705th TD Bn (SP) – Dec 20 1944 – Jan 18 1945
Baker Co, 811th TD Bn (SP) – Jan 3 1945 – Jan 11 1945
Baker & Charlie Cos, 705th TD Bn (SP) – Jan 3 1945 – Jan 11 1945
Charlie Co C (less 1 plat) 704th TD Bn (SP) – Jan 4 1945 – Jan 6 1945
Able Co, 602d TD Bn (SP) – Jan 4 1945 – Jan 6 1945
611th TD Bn – Jan 6 1945 – Jan 7 1945
Baker Co (less 1 plat) 704th TD Bn (SP) – Jan 9 1945 – Jan 11 1945
Charlie Co, 609th TD Bn (SP) – Jan 11 1945 – Jan 12 1945
807th TD Bn (SP) – Jan 20 1945 – Feb 25 1945
813th TD Bn (SP) – May 5 1945 – May 9 1945

US Navy

Prov Abn Naval Shore Fire Control Parties – May 16 1944 – ?

101st Airborne Division Detachments
Antiaircraft Artillery

Btrys Dog, Easy & Fox, 81st A/B AA Bn to VII Corps – Jun 6 1944 – Jun 11 1944

Field Artillery

377th Parachute Field Artillery Bn to 100th Inf Div – Jan 25 1945 – Jan 28 1945

Infantry

2/401st Glider Infantry Regiment to 82d A/B Div – Jun 6 1944 – Mar 1 1945
502d Parachute Infantry Regiment to 82d A/B Div – Oct 4 1944 – Oct 5 1944
506th Parachute Infantry Regiment to 4th Inf Div – May 2 1945 – May 3 1945

Assignment and Attachmentn to Higher Units

Assigned Attached Assigned Attached

Aug 21 1943 : Atta. V Corps, ETOUSA
Oct 22 1943 : Assi. First Army
Jan 22 1944 : Atta. VIII Corps, Assi. First Army
Mar 13 1944 : Assi. First Army
Jun 6 1944 : Atta. VII Corps, Assi. First Army
Jun 15 1944 : Atta. VIII Corps, Assi. First Army
Jul 15 1944 : Atta. Ninth Army
Aug 12 1944 : Atta. XVIII A/B Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA
Sep 18 1944 : Atta. British XXX Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. British 2d Army
Sep 21 1944 : Atta. British I A/B, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. British 2d Army
Sep 23 1944 : Atta. British VIII Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. British 2d Army
Sep 28 1944 : Atta. British XII Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. British 2d Army
Nov 9 1944 : Atta. Canadian II Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. Canadian First Army
Dec 17 1944 : Atta. VIII Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. Third Army, 12-AG
Dec 21 1944 : Atta. VIII Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. Third Army, 12-AG
Dec 26 1944 : Atta. III Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. Third Army, 12-AG
Dec 29 1944 : Atta. VIII Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. Third Army, 12-AG
Jan 19 1945 : Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. Third Army, 12-AG
Jan 20 1945 : Atta. XV Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. Seventh Army, 6-AG
Jan 26 1945 : Atta. VI Opns, Assi 1-AA/BA, Atta. Seventh Army
Feb 28 1945 : Atta. XVIII A/B Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA
Apr 1 1945 : Atta. XXII Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. Fifteeth Army, 12-AG
Apr 6 1945 : Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. 12-AG
Apr 17 1945 : Atta. XVIII A/B Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. Seventh Army, 6-AG
Apr 23 1945 : Atta. VI Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. Seventh Army, 6-AG
May 4 1945 : Atta. XXI Corps, Assi. 1-AA/BA, Atta. Seventh Army, 6-AG

101st Airborne Division – Command Posts

15 Sep 1943 – Liverpool, Lancashire, England
15 Sep 1943 – Newbury (Greenham Lodge), Berkshire, England
6 Jun 1944 – Hiesville, Manche, France
12 Jun 1944 – Carentan, Manche, France
27 Jun 1944 – St-Saveur-le-Vicomte, Manche, France
29 Jun 1944 – Cherbourg (5 mi S), Manche, France
15 Jul 1944 – Newbury (Greenham Lodge), Berkshire, England
17 Sep 1944 – Zon, Nord Brabant, Netherlands
20 Sep 1944 – St-Oedenrode, Nord Brabant, Netherlands
24 Sep 1944 – Vechel, Nord Brabant, Netherlands
5 Oct 1944 – Slik Ewjik, Nord Brabant, Netherlands
1 Dec 1944 – Mourmelon, Marne, France
18 Dec 1944 – Mande St-Etienne, Luxembourg, Belgium
19 Dec 1944 – Bastogne, Province Luxembourg, Belgium
7 Jan 1945 – Isle-le-Pre, Province Luxembourg, Belgium
21 Jan 1945 : Drulingen, Bas-Rhin, France
25 Jan 1945 : Hochfelden, Bas-Rhin, France
28 Feb 1945 : Mourmelon, Marne, France
1 Apr 1945 : Glehn, Rhineland, Germany
24 Apr 1945 : Merchingen, Wurttemberg, Germany
27 Apr 1945 : Memmingen, Bavaria, Germany
1 May 1945 : Kaufbeuren, Bavaria, Germany
2 May 1945 : Wolfratshausen, Bavaria, Germany
4 May 1945 : Miesbach, Bavaria, Germany

101st Airborne Division Narrative

The division air-assaulted into the Normandy France region on Jun 6 1944 and secured the beach exits in the St Martin de Varreville and Pouppeville areas. The next day the 506th PIR moved south from Cauloville but was stopped near St Côme du Mont. The 101st A/B began the battle for Carentan on Jun 8 and the 502nd PIR engaged in heavy combat on the causeway as envelopment operations continued Jun 10. As the 502nd PIR and 327th GIR moved to the outskirts of Carentan on Jun 11, the German defenders withdrew, allowing the 506th PIR to seize it the following day. The division repulsed counterattacks and maintained its positions until relieved by the 83rd ID on Jun 27. It moved to Cherbourg and relieved the 4th ID there on Jun 30.

The division returned to England for rehabilitation on Jun 13 1944 and on Sept 17, air-assaulted in Holland to seize the bridges at Veghel and Zon, north of Eindhoven. The former was captured but the Germans demolished the Zon Bridge as the paratroopers approached it. A footbridge was improvised at Zon and the division then advanced toward Eindhoven which it cleared the next day. It contacted the British Guards Armored Division but failed to take the bridge intact over the Wilhelmina Canal southeast of Best. The division contained counterattacks toward Zon on Sept 19 and maintained its positions at :

– Eindhoven
– Zon
– St Oedenrode
– Veghel

After heavy combat the 101st advanced to take Schijndel on Sept 21, and forced the German defenders to withdraw from Veghel one day later. The 506th PIR reopened the Veghel – Uden Highway on Sept 23, which had been cut the previous day. It then forced the German defenders to abandon the Koevering roadblock on Sept 25 in an enveloping attack. The division was relieved of its positions and withdrew to France for rehabilitation on Nov 28 1944.

Released from reserve Dec 17 1944 in response to the German Ardennes Counteroffensive, the 1001st A/B Div arrived at Bastogne, Belgium, Dec 19 1944. There it established defensive lines as the city was encircled the next day. The division refused the German demand for surrender, although surrounded, on Dec 22. It continued to hold its perimeter against repeated attacks until the 4th AD reached the division lines on Dec 26. The division continued to maintain its positions and on Jan 9 1945 the 506th PIR attacked out to take Recogne. The Bois Jacques was cleared after that, and by Jan 13 1945 the 506th PIR captured Foy as the 327th GIR moved toward Bourcy. Noville fell to the 506th PIR Jan 15 which moved on and seize Rachamps the following day as the 502nd PIR fought toward Bourcy.

Bourcy and Hardigny were both taken by the division on Jan 17. By Jan 22, it closed in to the Drulingen – Sarraltroff area and by Jan 26, moved into the Hochfelden zone. The following day the division assumed defensive lines along the Moder River. The division was relieved by the 36th ID on Feb 25 and assembled at Mourmelon France for rehabilitation. It was then moved to the Ruhr Pocket on Mar 31 and took over the 97th ID sector Apr 4. The division next moved to the Memmingen region Apr 27 and on Apr 30 was given the task of policing the zone in :

– Kaufbeuren
– Saulgrub
– Wertach
– Kempten

It moved to the Miesbach area May 1 and relieved the 4th ID. The 101st Airborne Division reached Adler Nest at Berchtesgaden when hostilities were declared ended on May 7 1945.



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