7th Armored Division – Order of Battle – 1944-1945

0
218


7thadThe 7th Armored Division was activated on March 1 1942 at Camp Polk, Louisiana and moved on September 15 to the IV Corps Louisiana Maneuvers. It returned to Camp Polk on November 9, arrived on March 11 1943 at the Desert Training Center for the #2 California Maneuvers, was transferred on August 12 1943 to Fort Benning, Georgia and arrived at Camp Myles Standish, Massachusetts on April 22 1944. The Division staged at Camp Shanks, New York, from May 2 1944 until departed New York Port of Embarkation on June 7 and arrived in England on Jun 14. The 7th Armored Division landed in France on August 11 1944, crossed into Belgium on September 26 and into Holland on October 8 1944. It returned to Belgium on December 28 1944 and entered Germany March 15 1945. The division arrived at Hampton Roads POE on October 9 1945 and was inactivated at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia the same day.

Lucky Seventh
The mixture of insignia and distinctive colors of several arms incorporated in the Armored Force symbolize integrity and esprit. It is an interlocked ornament, found in Nordic monuments, composed of three torques: red for Artillery; blue for Infantry; and yellow for Cavalry. The symbols represent the characteristics of Armored Divisions: the tank track, mobility and armor protection; the cannon, fire power; and the red bolt of lightening, shock action.

Activated on March 1 1942
Arrived in the ETO on June 13 1944
Arrived on the Continent (D 65) on August 10 1944
Entered Combat : First Element on August 13 1944
Entered Combat : Entire Division on August 14 1944
Days in Combat 172
Killed in Action : 887
Wounded in Action : 4174
Missing in Action : 1050
Captured : 39
Battle Casualties : 6150
Non-Battle Casualties : 4352
Total Casualties : 10502
Percent of T/O Strength 98.4


Campaigns

Northern France
Ardennes
Rhineland
Central Europe

Command and Staff
Commanding General

June 13 1944 – Maj Gen Lindsay M. Silverster
November 1 191944 – Brig Gen Robert W. Hasbrouck
January 4 1944 – Maj Gen Robert W. Hasbrouck

Division Artillery

June 13 1944 – Col Orville W. Martin

Chief of Staff

June 13 1944 – Col George H. Molony
June 15 1944 – Col Andrew J. Adams
November 13 1944 – Col Church M. Matthews
December 17 1944 – Col John L. Ryan Jr

Assistant Cheif of Staff – G-1

June 13 1944 – Lt Col John V. Maxwell
January 24 1945 – Maj Charles R. Grant
March 1 1945 – Lt Col Charles R. Grant

Assistant Cheif of Staff – G-2

June 13 1944 – Lt Col Everett W. Murray

Assistant Cheif of Staff – G-3

June 13 1944 – Lt Col Alvin L. Mente Jr
September 2 1944 – Lt Col Charles E. Leydecker

Assistant Cheif of Staff – G-4

June 13 1944 – Maj Reginald H. Hodgson
July 15 1944 – Lt Col Reginald H. Hodgson

Assistant Cheif of Staff – G-5

June 27 1944 – Maj Rex Thompson
November 6 1944 – Lt Col Rex Thompson

Adjutant General

June 13 1944 – Maj Ralph R. Carlin
Jult 2 1944 – Maj Francis E. Carr
October 19 1944 – Lt Col Francis E. Carr

Commanding CCA

June 13 1944 – Col Dwight A. Rosenbaum
January 11 1945 – Col William S. Triplet
March 27 1945 – Col Andrew J. Adams
April 6 1945 – Col William S. Triplet

Commanding CCB

June 13 1944 – Brig Gen John B. Thompson
September 11 1944 – Brig Gen John M. Devine
September 22 1944 – Brig Gen Robert W. Hasbrouck
November 1 1944 – Col Bruce C. Clarke
November 10 1944 – Brig Gen Bruce C. Clarke
February 9 1945 – Col Joseph F. Haskell

Commanding CCR

June 13 1944 – Lt Col James W. Newberry
September 4 1944 – Col George H. Molony
September 11 1944 – Col Andrew J. Adams
September 15 1944 – Col Pete T. Heffner Jr
September 20 1944 – Lt Col William Fuller (Actg)
September 22 1944 – Col John L. Ryan Jr
December 17 1944 – Lt Col Fred M. Warren (Actg)
December 28 1944 – Col Francis P. Thompkins

Awards

Distinguished Service Cross : 4
Legion of Merit : 16
Silver Star : 582
Soldiers Medal : 6
Bronze Star : 2907
Air Medal : 95
PW’s Taken : 113041

Order of Battle – 7th Armored Division

Headquarters Company
Reserve Command
Combat Command A
Combat Command B
17th Tank Battalion
31st Tank Battalion
40th Tank Battalion
23rd Armored Infantry Battalion
38th Armored Infantry Battalion
48th Armored Infantry Battalion
87th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (Mecz)
33rd Armored Engineer Battalion
147th Armored Signal Company
7th Armored Division Artillery
434th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
440th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
489th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
7th Armored Division Trains
129th Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
77th Armored Medical Battalion
Military Police Platoon
Band

Attachments to the 7th Armored Division
Antiaircraft Artillery

203d AAA-AW Battalion (SP) – 12 Aug 1944 – 9 May 1945

Armored

4th Armored Brigade (UK) (7-AD UK) – 30 Oct 1944 – 31 Oct 1944
CCB (9-AD) – 22 Dec 1944 – 7 Jan 1945

Cavalry

14th Cavalry Group – 18 Dec 1944 – 1 Jan 1945

Engineer

300th Engineer Combat Battalion – 25 Mar 1945 – 17 April 1945
D/307th Airborne Engr Bn (82-A/B) – 21 Jan 1945 – 23 Jan 1945

Field Artillery

774th Field Artillery Battalion (4.5″ Gun) – 29 Sep 1944 – 9 Nov 1944
275th Armored FA Battalion – 18 Dec 1944 – 20 Feb 1945
591st Field Artillery Battalion (106-ID)(105-MM How) – 25 Dec 1944 – 30 Dec 1944
987th Field Artillery Battalion (155-MM Gun) – 18 Jan 1945 – 29 Jan 1945
26th Field Artillery Battalion (9-ID) (105-MM How) – 7 Mar 1945 – 8 Mar 1945
400th Armored FA Battalion – 25 Mar 1945 – 17 Apr 1945
809th Field Artillery Battalion – (155-MM How) – 7 Apr 1945 – 17 Apr 1945

Infantry

2nd Combat Team (5-ID) – 10 Sep 1944 – 15 Sep 1944
Belgian 1st Brigade – 8 Oct 1944 – 31 Oct 1944
158th Brigade (UK)(53-ID UK) – 30 Oct 1944 – 31 Oct 1944
424th Combat Team (106-ID) – 25 Dec 1944 – 30 Dec 1944
517th PIB CT (Non-Div) – 28 Dec 1944 – 29 Dec 1944
2/517th PIB (Non-Div) – 11 Jan 1945 – 27 Jan 1945
509th PIB – 11 Jan 1945 – 28 Jan 1945
508th PIR CT (Non-Div) – 21 Jan 1945 – 23 Jan 1945
319th Glider FA Battalion (82-A/B) – 21 Jan 1945 – 23 Jan 1945
B/80th Airborne AA Bn (82-A/B) – 21 Jan 1945 – 23 Jan 1945
424th RCT (106-ID) – 23 Jan 1945 – 28 Jan 1945
60th RCT (less 1st Bn) (9-ID) – 8 Mar 1945 – 9 Mar 1945
39th Infantry Regiment (9-ID) – 8 Mar 1945 – 19 Mar 1945
3/395th Infantry Regiment (99-ID) – 4 Apr 1945 – 14 Apr 1945
1/11th Infantry Regiment (5-ID) – 15 Apr 1945 – 17 Apr 1945

Tank Destroyer

814th TD Bn (SP) – 13 Aug 1944 – 9 May 45
820th TD Bn (SP) – 25 Dec 1944 – 30 Dec 1944

7th Armored Division Units Attached To)
Armored

17th Tank Battalion to 90-ID – 9 Sep 1944 – 14 Sep 1944
CCB to 5-AD – 10 Sep 1944 – 15 Sep 1944
40th Tank Battalion to TF Biddle – 17 Nov 1944 – 21 Nov 1944
17th Tank Battalion to 84-ID – 22 Nov 1944 – 27 Nov 1944
40th Tank Battalion to 2-AD – 23 Nov 1944 – 27 Nov 1944
40th Tank Battalion to 102-ID – 27 Nov 1944 – 28 Nov 1944
40th Tank Battalion (less Cos B & D) to 84-ID – 28 Nov 1944 – 1 Dec 1944
17th Tank Battalion to 102-ID – 1 Dec 1944 – 3 Dec 1944
B/40th Tank Battalion to 84-ID – 3 Dec 1944 – 6 Dec 1944
17th Tank Battalion to 84-ID – 9 Dec 1944 – 16 Dec 1944
CCR to 78-ID – 3 Feb 1945 – 10 Feb 1945
CCA to 9-ID – 7 Mar 1945 – 8 Mar 1945
CCR to 9t-ID – 8 Mar 1945 – 8 Mar 1945
CCA to 104-ID – 2 Apr 1945 – 4 Apr 1945
CCA to 9-ID – 4 Apr 1945 – 6 Apr 1945
B/17th Tank Battalion to 9-ID – 6 Apr 1945 – 8 Apr 1945
B/17th Tank Battalion to 5-ID – 8 Apr 1945 – 10 Apr 1945
CCB to 82-A/B – 1 May 1945 – 4 May 1945

Infantry

C/38th AIB to 84-ID – 3 Dec 1944 – 6 Dec 1944
48th AIB to 102-ID – 5 Dec 1944 – 9 Dec 1944
23rd AIB to 78-ID – 3 Feb 1945 – 10 Feb 1945

Field Artillery

434th AFAB to TF Biddle – 17 Nov 1944 – 21 Nov 1944
440th AFAB to TF Biddle – 17 Nov 1944 – 21 Nov 1944
489th AFAB to TF Biddle – 17 Nov 1944 – 21 Nov 1944

7-AD Assignments and Attachments

July 30 1944 – at. 1A
August 5 1944 – at. 3A, as. 12-AG
August 10 1944 – as. XX Corps, at. 3A, as. 12-AG
August 11 1944 – at. 1A, as. 12-AG
September 25 1944 – as. XIX Corps, at. 1A, as. 12-AG
October 8 1944 – as. VIII Corps, at. 9A, as. 2A (UK), at. 12-AG / 21-AG (UK)
November 9 1944 – as. XIII Corps, at. 9A, as. 12-AG / 21-GR (UK)
December 16 1944 – as. VIII Corps, at. 1A, as. 12-AG
December 20 1944 – as. XVIII A/B Corps, at. 1A, as. 12-AG / 21-AG (UK)
January 18 1945 – as. XVIII A/B Corps, at. 1A, as. 12-AG / 21-AG (UK)
January 29 1945 – as. V Corps, at. 1A, as. 12-AG
March 7 1945 – as. III Corps, at. 1A, as. 12-AG
April 19 1945 – as. V Corps, at. 1A, as. 12-AG
April 30 1945 – as. XVIII A/B Corps, at. 1A, as 12-AG / 21-AG (UK)

7th Armored Division Command Posts

    June 13 1944 – Greenock, Renfrew, Scotland
    June 14 1944 – Tidworth, Wiltshire, England
    August 7 1944 – Southampton, Hampshire, England
    August 9 1944 – Omaha Beach, Calvados, France
    August 10 1944 – Lessay, Manche, France
    August 11 1944 – Louvienne, Manche, France
    August 13 1944 – Sainte-Suzanne (vic E), Manche, France
    August 14 1944 – La Ferté Bernard, Sarthe, France
    August 15 1944 – Courville-sur-Eure, Eure-et-Loire, France
    August 19 1944 – Dreux, Eure-et-Loire, France
    August 21 1944 – Sainte-Mesme, Seine-et-Oise, France
    August 22 1944 – Marchais-Parfond, Seine-et-Oise, France
    August 22 1944 – Saint-Sauveur, Oise, France
    August 23 1944 – Courances, Seine-et-Oise, France
    Auhust 25 1944 – Saint-Leu, Seine-et Oise, France
    August 26 1944 – Melun, Seine-et-Marne, France
    August 26 1944 – Maincy, Seine-et-Marne, France
    August 27 1944 – Leudon-en-Brie, Seine-et-Marne, France
    August 28 1944 – Conde-en-Brie, Aisne, France
    August 29 1944 – Fismes, Marne, France
    August 29 1944 – Orainville, Aisne, France
    August 30 1944 – Thuisy, Marne, France
    August 31 1944 – Fort St-Regret (S of Verdun), Meuse, France
    September 6 1944 – Pintheville, Meuse, France
    September 7 1944 – Mars-la-Tour (vic E), Meurthe-et-Moselle, France
    September 10 1944 – Doncourt, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France
    September 14 1944 – Sponville, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France
    September 16 1944 – Wayville, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France
    September 25 1944 – Sponville, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France
    September 26 1944 – Eysden, Belgium
    September 29 1944 – Deurne, Belgium
    September 30 1944 – Sint Anthonis, Belgium
    October 8 1944 – Vaarsel, Limburg, Netherlands
    October 25 1944 – Someron, Limburg, Netherlands
    October 30 1944 – Maarheeze, Limburg, Netherlands
    November 8 1944 – Sint Geertruid, Limburg, Netherlands
    November 25 1944 – Robroek, Limburg, Netherlands
    December 2 1944 – Rimburg, Rhineland, Germany
    December 17 1944 – Vielsalm, Belgium
    December 23 1944 – Oufny, Belgium
    December 25 1944 – Saint Antoine, Belgium
    December 27 1944 – Saint Roch, Belgium
    January 12 1945 – Spa, Belgium
    January 14 1945 – Xhoffraix, Belgium
    January 19 1945 – Waimes, Belgium
    January 24 1945 – Waimes (Kloster), Belgium
    January 28 1945 – Eupen, Belgium
    March 1 1945 – Simmerath, Rhineland, Germany
    March 7 1945 – Embken, Rhineland, Germany
    March 9 1945 – Villip, Rhineland, Germany
    March 24 1945 – Linz, Rhineland, Germany
    March 25 1945 – Kurtscheid, Rhineland, Germany
    March 26 1945 – Kurtenachner, Rhineland, Germany
    March 26 1945 – Seltrs, Rhineland, Germany
    March 27 1945 – Holzhausen, Nassau, Germany
    March 28 1945 – Hohensolms, Nassau, Germany
    March 29 1945 – Hachborn, Kurhessen, Germany
    March 30 1945 – Frankenau, Hessen-Nassau, Germany
    April 4 1945 – Bromskirchen, Hessen-Nassau, Germany
    April 5 1945 – Neuastenberg, Hessen-Nassau, Germany
    April 7 1945 – Oberkirchen, Westphalia, Germany
    April 10 1945 – Wormbach (Tac Hq), Westphalia, Germany
    April 10 1945 – Nieder Berndorf, Westphalia, Germany
    April 11 1945 – Eslohe, Westphalia, Germany
    April 12 1945 – Westenfeld (Tac), Westphalia, Germany
    April 13 1945 – Langenholthausen (Tac), Westphalia, Germany
    April 14 1945 – Mellen (Tac), Westphalia, Germany
    April 15 1945 – Menden (Tac), Westphalia, Germany
    April 17 1945 – Junde, Westphalia, Germany
    April 29 1945 – Schelploh, Hannover, Germany
    May 2 1945 – Wellahn, Mecklenburg, Germany
    May 3 1945 – Klutz (Schloss Buthmer), Mecklenburg, Germany
    May 6 1945 – Grevesmuhlen, Mecklenburg, Germany

    7th Armored Division – Narrative
    The 7th Armored Division landed in Normandy, France, on Aug 11 1944, drove through Nogent-le-Rotrou and fought the Battle of Chartres on Aug 15 – 17 1944. The division attacked toward the Seine River on Aug 1944 and gained a bridgehead across it at Melun on Aug 24 1944. It then drove rapidly to the Marne River which it crossed at Château-Thierry on Aug 27 1944 as CCA established a bridgehead across the Meuse River at Verdun on Aug 31 1944. The division was halted short of Sedan as fuel was exhausted on Sep 2 1944 but it attacked again Sep 6 to force the Moselle River which it reached the following day at Mondelange after heavy combat. The 7th Armored contained the German Metz bridgehead, crossing elements over the Moselle under heavy fire Sep 8 1944 which had to be withdrawn Sep 10 – 11 1944. CCA battled the German lines west of Metz in fierce fighting while CCB crossed into the Arnaville Bridgehead Sep 12 1944 despite deep mud. It attacked the following day toward Mardigny but was quickly halted by heavy fire from Arry. CCR next attempted a breakout of the combined 5-ID 90-ID plus the 7-AD bridgehead but failed. CCB and CCR advanced slowly toward the Seille River and the latter managed to gel into Sillegny on Sep 19 but was forced out with very heavy losses.

    CCA joined with CCB to reach the Seille and bypass Sillegny, but CCB was forced back from the river on Sep 20. An attack across the river the next day was repulsed by intense fire. The division withdrew from Corny and Pournoy-la-Chétive Sep 24 and was relieved the next day by the 5th Infantry Division. The division then went to Holland and attacked from Oploo, Sep 30 against heavy opposition to clear a corridor west of the Maas. CCB took Vortum on Oct 2 and the division fought the Battle of Peel Marshes and Overloon Oct 2 – 6 before breaking off the attack. The 7-AD established a bridgehead across the Canal de Deurne on Oct 16 as it defended along both this canal and Canal du Nord. German attacks penetrated the division lines west of Venlo Oct 27 and the division lost Liesel and gave ground south of Austen Oct 29. It was then relieved in the sector and concentrated in the vicinity of Nederweert and Weert. CCA made a limited attack to clear German forces around the Meijel area in the Canal du Nord area Nov 2 – 5 but this action was soon broken off.

    The division was preparing to drive from Linnich Germany on the Roer River when elements were committed to the defense of St-Vith Dec 16 1944. German attacks forced a withdrawal there on Dec 21 1944 and Manhay was lost Dec 24, the latter being retaken Dec 27. The division’s zone was taken over by the 75-ID Dec 29 and attacked through mines and deep snow toward St-Vith on Jan 20 1945. It captured Born in house-to-house fighting the next day. CCA cleared Hunningen on Jan 22, and then CCB attacked through CCA to clear St-Vith itself Jan 23. As CCB consolidated near St-Vith, CCA seized Wallerode on Jan 25. The offensive was concluded as CCB reduced the Bois de St Vith Jan 27 – 28 1945. CCR look Strauch and Steckenborn on Feb 5 1945 and the division took over the defense of the Hechelscheid sector on Feb 6 1945 as CCR mopped up toward Schmidt. The division then spent the remainder of Feb in rehabilitation.

    On Mar 7 1945 the division assembled near Zülpich and then started clearing the zone west of the Rhine River between Bonn and Remagen. It placed cable across the Rhine on Mar 14 1945. It assembled then across the Rhine’s eastern side Mar 25 and attacked the next day, advancing to reach the Dill River between Herborn and Wetzlar on Mar 27. The following day the division secured crossings between Marburg and Giessen over the Lahn River. It captured the Edersee Dam intact and secured crossings over the Eder River on Mar 30. CCA attacked and took Niedersfeld Apr 4 and began the reduction of the Ruhr Pocket against heavy opposition, CCB being heavily counterattacked at Gleidorf on Apr 7. Frederburg fell after heavy combat on Apr 8 and by the 16, resistance in the Ruhr Pocket collapsed. The division assembled at Gottingen Apr 18 and on Apr 30 began the drive from the Elbe to the Baltic which was unopposed and the latter reached west of Kluetz on May 3 1945. There the division made contact with advancing Soviet Army forces and was in that region when hostilities ended on May 7 1945.



This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.