5th Armored Division – Order of Battle – 1944-1945

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5th Armored Division M4 Sherman tank and Jeep Passing German 75mm AT Gun Dreux France,
5th Armored Division M4 Sherman tank and Jeep Passing German 75-MM AT Gun Dreux France,

The 5th Armored Division was activated at Fort Knox, Kentucky, on October 1 1941 and was moved to Camp Cooke, California, on February 16 1942. On August 14, the division participated in the Desert Training Center Armored Corps California Maneuvers and returned to Camp Cooke on November 19. On March 17, the division moved to Camp Forrest, Tennessee, for the 2nd Army #1 Tennessee Maneuvers. (Note : The Tennessee Maneuver Area was a training area in Middle Tennessee, comprising the following counties : Bedford, Cannon, Clay, Coffee, Davidson, DeKalb, Franklin, Jackson, Lincoln, Macon, Moore, Putnam, Rutherford, Smith, Sumner, Trousdale, Warren, White, Williamson, and Wilson. The area was selected because the terrain resembled France, Belgium and Germany). The 5-AD moved then to the Indian Town Gap Mil Res, Pennsylvania, on December 8 1943; staged at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, February 1944 until it departed New York POE, February 11, and arrived in England on February 24. The 5th Armored Division landed in France on July 25 1944, crossed into Luxembourg on September 2 and into Belgium on October 5. The Division, finally, entered Germany on December 1, returned to Belgium on December 24, to Holland on February 5 1945 and re-entered Germany on February 25. Sent back to USA, the 5th Armored landed in New York on October 10 1945 and was inactivated at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, on October 11 1945.

A column of US troops from the 5th Armored Division, an armored car of the headquarters company, moving on winter road
A column of US troops from the 5th Armored Division, an armored car of the headquarters company, moving on winter road


5th Armored Division – Casualties

Killed in Action : 547
Wounded in Action : 2768
Missing : 177
Captured : 62
Battle Casualties : 3554
Non-Battle Casualties : 3592
Total Casualties : 7146

5th Armored Division -Commanding Generals and Staff

    Maj Gen Jack W. Heard : Oct 1941 – Mar 1943
    Maj Gen Lunsford E. Oliver : Mar 1943 – Jul 1945
    Brig Gen Morrill Ross : Jul 1945 – Sep 1945
    Maj Gen Holmes E. Dager : Sep 1945

Artillery

    Col Roy L Dalferes : 23 Feb 1944
    Col Douglas J Page : 18 Apr 1944

Chief of Staff

    Col Edward G Farrand : 23 Feb 1944

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-1

    Lt Col Francis W Marks : 23 Feb 1944

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-2

    Lt Col L P MacFarland : 23 Feb 1944

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-3

    Lt Col F B Butler Jr : 23 Feb 1944

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-4

    Lt Col H R Entrekin : 23 Feb 1944

Assistant Chief of Staff – G-5

    Maj John W Sampier : 18 May 1944
    Maj Alfred E Baldrige : 20 Feb 1944

Adjutant General

    Maj Charles C De Vault : 23 Feb 1944
    Lt Col Charles C De Vault : 1 Jul 1944

Commanding General – CCA

    Brig Gen Eugene A Regnier : 23 Feb 1944

Commanding General – CCB

    Col John T Cole : 23 Feb 1944

Commanding General – CCR

    Col Glen H Anderson : 23 Feb 1944

5th Armored Division – Order of Battle

    Headquarters Company
    Reserve Command
    Combat Command A
    Combat Command B
    10th Tank Bn
    34th Tank Bn
    81st Tank Bn
    15th Armored Infantry Bn
    46th Armored Infantry Bn
    47th Armored Infantry Bn
    85th Cavalry Rcn Sq (Mecz)
    22d Armored Engineer Bn
    145th Armored Signal Co
    5th Armored Division Artillery
    47th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
    71st Armored Field Artillery Battalion
    95th Armored Field Artillery Battalion
    5th Armored Division Trains
    127th Ordnance Maintenance Battalion
    75th Armored Medical Battalion
    Military Police Platoon
    Band

Units attachments to the 5th Armored Division
Antiaircraft Artillery

    387th AAA AW Bn (SP) – 1 Aug 44 – 25 Mar 45
    387th AAA AW Bn (SP) – 28 Mar 45 – 9 May 45

Armored

    Sq C, UK 1st Lothians & Border Yeo (79th Armd Div) – 25 Feb 45 – 4 Mar 45

Cavalry

    4th Cav Gp – 1 Dec 44 – 2 Dec 44
    4th Cav Gp – 11 Dec 44 – 22 Dec 44

Engineer

    996th Engr Treadway Br Co (-1 plat) – 31 Aug 44 – 1 Sep 44
    254th Engr Cbt Bn – 15 Sep 44 – 22 Sep 44
    989th Engr Treadway Br Co – 25 Feb 45 – 7 Mar 45
    989th Engr Treadway Br Co – 7 Apr 45 – 7 Apr 45

Field Artillery

    400-AFAB – 2 Aug 44 – 4 Aug 44
    400-AFAB – 5 Aug 44 – 2 Oct 44
    208-FAB (155-MM Gun) – 17 Aug 44 – 24 Aug 44
    975-FAB (155-MM How) – 20 Aug 44 – 25 Aug 44
    987-FAB (155-MM Gun) – 26 Aug 44 – 8 Oct 44
    196-FAB (105-MM How) – 31 Aug 44 – 7 Sep 44
    187-FAB (155-MM How) – 11 Sep 44 – 22 Sep 44
    HQ 187-FA Group – 11 Sep 44 – 22 Sep 44
    953-FAB (155-MM How) – 21 Sep 44 – 22 Sep 44
    400-AFAB – 23 Oct 44 – 29 Nov 44
    987-FAB (155-MM Gun) – 28 Oct 44 – 9 Nov 44
    987-FAB (155-MM Gun) – 20 Nov 44 – 5 Dec 44
    400-AFAB – 8 Dec 44 – 18 Dec 44
    695-AFAB – 6 Feb 45 – 9 Mar 45
    557-FAB (155-MM Gun) – 26 Feb 45 – 9 Mar 45
    557-FAB (155-MM Gun) – 30 Mar 45 – 25 Apr 45
    252-FAB (105-MM How) – 22 Apr 45 – 23 Apr 45

Infantry

    112-RCT (28-ID) – 11 Sep 44 – 26 Sep 44
    2/110-IR (28-ID) – 15 Oct 44 – 26 Oct 44
    2d Ranger Bn – 3 Nov 44 – 14 Nov 44
    2/330-IR (83-ID) – 15 Dec 44 – 22 Dec 44
    3/121-IR (8-ID) – 17 Dec 44 – 21 Dec 44
    1/334-IR (84-ID) – 13 Apr 45 – 16 Apr 45
    1/406-IR (102-ID) – 13 Apr 45 – 16 Apr 45
    407-RCT (-3d Bn) (102-ID) – 17 Apr 45 – 18 Apr 45
    1/335-IR (84-ID) – 17 Apr 45 – 18 Apr 45

Tank Destroyer

    628-TDB (SP) – 2 Aug 44 – 19 Dec 44
    629-TDB (SP) – 29 Aug 44 – 14 Dec 44
    628-TDB (SP) – 28 Jan 45 – 9 May 45
    771-TDB (SP) – 17 Apr 45 – 24 Apr 45

5th Armored Division Units Attachements to
Armored

    CCA to 4-ID – 1 Sep 44 – 3 Sep 44
    CCA to 1-A – 14 Oct 44 – 26 Oct 44
    CCB to 1-A – 15 Oct 44 – 28 Oct 44
    CCR to VII Corps – 9 Nov 44 – 19 Nov 44
    CCR to 8-ID – 19 Nov 44 – 16 Dec 44
    CCA to 4-ID – 30 Nov 44 – 2 Dec 44
    CCR to V Corps – 16 Dec 44 – 19 Dec 44
    A/10-TB to – 78-ID – 19 Dec 44 – 20 Dec 44
    CCR to 78-ID – 19 Dec 44 – 21 Dec 44
    A/10-TB to – 9-ID – 20 Dec 44 – 25 Jan 45
    CCR to V Corps – 21 Dec 44 – 24 Jan 45
    CCA to 78-ID – 27 Jan 45 – 1 Feb 45
    CCB to 102-ID – 6 Feb 45 – 24 Feb 45

Cavalry

    85-CRS to 28-ID – 7 Sep 44 – 9 Sep 44
    85-CRS to 102-Cav Gp – 23 Sep 44 – 26 Sep 44
    85-CRS to 102-Cav Gp – 2 Oct 44 – 24 Oct 44

Field Artillery

    5-AD Artillery to XIII Corps – 7 Mar 45 – 30 Mar 45

Infantry

    A/47-AIB to 78-ID – 19 Dec 44 – 21 Dec 44

5th Armored Division – Command Posts

    1 March 1944 – Chiseldon – Wiltshire – England
    15 April 1944 – Ogbourne St-George – Wiltshire – England
    23 July 1944 – Southampton – Hampshire – England
    24 July 1944 – Utah Beach – Manche – France
    25 July 1944 – St-Sauveur (vic) – Manche – France
    2 August 1944 – Feuillie (vic) – Manche – France
    3 August 1944 – Ganerie (vic) – Manche – France
    4 August 1944 – La Bogerie (vic) – Manche – France
    5 August 1944 – Fougeres (vic) – Ille-et-Vilaine – France
    7 August 1944 – Houssay (vic) – Mayenne – France
    9 August 1944 – Le Mans (vic) – Sarthe – France
    10 August 1944 – Courcement – Sarthe – France
    11 August 1944 – Sure (vic) – Orne – France
    12 August 1944 – Sees (vic) – Orne – France
    15 August 1944 – La Houdiere (vic) – Eure-et-Loir – France
    16 August 1944 – Marville Moutier Brule (vic) – Eure-et-Loir – France
    18 August 1944 – Les Boseus (vic) – Eure-et-Loir – France
    19 August 1944 – Cravent (vic) – Seine-et-Oise – France
    24 August 1944 – Champenard (vic) – Eure – France
    25 August 1944 – Boinville (vic) – Seine-et-Oise – France
    30 August 1944 – Pacy-sur-Eure (vic) – Eure – France
    2 September 1944 – Noyon (vic) – Oise – France
    3 September 1944 – Maing (vic) – Nord – France
    4 September 1944 – Wasigny (vic) – Ardennes – France
    5 September 1944 – Montigny-sur-Vence (vic) – Ardennes – France
    6 September 1944 – Noyers (vic) – Ardennes – France
    8 September 1944 – La Moncelle (vic) – Ardennes – France
    10 September 1944 – Bascharage (vic) – Luxembourg
    12 September 1944 – Fels (vic) – Luxembourg
    18 September 1944 – Mastroff (vic) – Luxembourg
    22 September 1944 – Fels (vic) – Luxembourg
    5 October 1944 – Faymonville – Belgium
    17 October 1944 – Bambusch – Belgium
    4 November 1944 – Neudorf – Luxembourg
    1 December 1944 – Hahn – Rhineland – Germany
    8 December 1944 – Zweilfall – Rhineland – Germany
    24 December 1944 – Eupen – Belgium
    28 January 1945 – Moresnet – Belgium
    5 February 1945 – Hoensbroek – Limburg – Netherlands
    26 February 1945 – Ubach Pallenberg – Rhineland – Germany
    27 February 1945 – Hottorf – Rhineland – Germany
    1 March 1945 – Rath – Rhineland – Germany
    2 March 1945 – Hardt – Rhineland – Germany
    4 March 1945 – Kempen – Rhineland – Germany
    10 March 1945 – Neersen – Rhineland – Germany
    31 March 1945 – Stockum – Westphalia – Germany
    1 April 1945 – Nattuln (vic) – Westphalia – Germany
    2 April 1945 – Everswinkel – Westphalia – Germany
    3 April 1945 – Herford (vic) – Westphalia – Germany
    7 April 1945 – Bad Oeynhausen – Westphalia – Germany
    11 April 1945 – Lessien (vic) – Hannover – Germany
    12 April 1945 – Brunau – Magdeburg – Germany
    18 April 1945 – Neuemuhle (vic) – Magdeburg – Germany
    21 April 1945 – Salzwedel (vic) – Magdeburg – Germany
    25 April 1945 – Neuemuhle (vic) – Magdeburg – Germany

5th Armored Division – Narrative

The 5th Infantry Division arrived across Utah Beach, France, on July 25 1944 and concentrated between the Sée River and the Selune River to block the German movement toward Avranches on August 1. It drove south through Coutances, Avranches and Vitre to cross the Mayenne River and take Le Mans over on August 8. The next day the division swung north toward Alençon, and advanced to the edge of Argentan till August 12 which it then left to the 90th Infantry Division. It advanced 60 miles to reach the Eure River at Dreux which fell August 16. Advancing with the 79th Infantry Division, the 5th Armored reached the Seine River at Mantes-Gassicourt on August 18 and started slang the west bank toward Louviers the next day to cut off German retreat. By August 22, it encountered strong opposition between the Seine and Eure Rivers but reached Houdebouville on August 24. The division moved through Paris on August 30 to spearhead the drive on Compiègne, and crossed the Oise River at Pont St-Maxence with CCB leading on August 31. It reached the Belgian border at Conde on September 2 and secured crossings over the Meuse River near Sedan 3 days later with the CCA at Bazeilles and the CCR at Mohon, taking Sedan the next day. On September 10, the city of Luxembourg fell to the CCA and almost without opposition. The 85th Cav Recon Sq entered Germany with a dismounted patrol near Stalzenburg on September 11 and became the first allied unit to enter the Reich from the west. CCR crossed the Sauer River into Germany on September 14 and cleared the town of Wallendorf, driving through the West Wall to the edge of Bettingen the next day. The division then held the Wallendorf salient against counterattacks until September 20, and then moved to defensive lines in the Monschau and Hofen sector. CCR reinforced the 4th Infantry Division in the Huertgen Forest on November 16 and advanced in heavy combat. It was halted on November 25 outside Grosshau by a large crater and mines, but by November 29 seized Kleinhau. The division took Brandenburg with air support on December 3 as CCR cleared a strong point at Vossenack December 3-4. The division pushed into Bergstein the next day and by December 16 had reached the Roer River in the Bilstein area.

It resumed the attack toward the Roer on December 20 and CCA fought the Battle for Schneidhausen December 20-22, after which the division was relieved in line by the 8th Infantry Division and the 83rd Infantry Division. It closed into Eupen on December 24 and was placed in reserve. CCA seized Eicherscheid in January 1945 and captured Colmar on February 2. CCR crossed the Roer River February 25 and assembled south of Hottorf, attacking through mud which bogged division’s CCB down outside Guenhoven February 27. CCA crossed the Niers Canal on March 1 and took both Anrath and Fischeln the next day. CCR mopped up the Orsay area, which included the Battle of Repelen, March 1-7, during which it reached the Rhine River on March 5. CCA and CCB meanwhile assembled at Kempen. The division remained in the Kempen – Repelen area until March 11, when relieved by the 75th Infantry Division. The division then crossed the Rhine River at Wessel on March 30-31. The 5-AD attacked April 1 and bypassed Muenster to reach the Weser River on April 3, where it was unable to secure the bridges intact at Minden and Rinteln. CCR crossed the Leine River south of Hannover on April 9 and captured a bridge over the Oker River in the Ahnsen area the next day. The division reached the Elbe River on April 12 with CCR at Wittenberg and CCA in the Tangermuende area. There the division mopped up until relieved April 16 to clear the Forst Knesebeck. It attacked from the Daehre – Salzwedelline against strong opposition on April 21 and took then Dannenberg April 23. It was relieved along the Elbe River April 24 by the 29th Infantry Division, after which it performed security functions until hostilities ended on May 7 1945.



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