Memo copy is from RID/ATI file folder on Adolf Hitler filed under Wah X-2 Personalities #13; the folder contains 1 copy of a 28 page report on Heinrich Himmler in addition to the 68 page paper on Hitler of which the attached copy is an extra one extracted for inclusion, with memo, in the Hitler 201 file (if not already duplicated therein) : 201-93533 – EUCMH- (Gunter)
(01) – Background : Family
(02) – Education : Writing, Reading, Concentration, Noise, Silence, Conversation, Debate
(03) – Physique
— Personal Appearance
(04) – Diet : Food, Drinks, Smoking
(05) – Personal Protection
(06) – Entertainment : Music, Dancing, Theatre, Vaudeville, Circus
(07) – Informations : News, Radio, Movies
(08) – Religion
(09) – Metamorphosis in Landsberg
(10) – Sexual Life
(11) – The Vienna Period : Analysis, Critisism
(12) – Self Identification Patterns :
— Hitler and the Messiah
— Hitler and Cromwell
— Hitler and Frederick the Great
— Hitler and Bluecher
— Hitler and Napoleon
(13) – Speech-Making Technique
— Preparation of Speech
— End of Speech
— Avoidance of Names and Personages
— Exit Technique
Adolf Hitler was born on April 20 1889 in Braunau am Inn, a town in Austria-Hungary (Austria today), close to the border with the German Empire. He was the fourth of six children to Aloïs Hitler and Klara Pölzl. Hitler’s older siblings—Gustav, Ida, and Otto, died in infancy. Hitler’s father, Aloïs Hitler, was the illegitimate child of Maria Anna Schicklgruber. Because the baptismal register did not show the name of his father, Aloïs initially bore his mother’s surname, Schicklgruber.
In 1842, Johann Georg Hiedler married Aloïs’s mother, Maria Anna. After she died in 1847 and Johann Georg Hiedler in 1856, Aloïs was brought up in the family of Hiedler’s brother, Johann Nepomuk Hiedler. In 1876, Alois was legitimated and the baptismal register changed by a priest to register Johann Georg Hiedler as Aloïs’s father (recorded as Georg Hitler). Aloïs then assumed the surname Hitler, also spelled as Hiedler, Hüttler, or Huettler. The Hitler surname is probably based on one who lives in a hut or on shepherd; alternatively, it might be derived from the Slavic words Hidlar or Hidlarcek, small cottager or small holder.
Nazi official Hans Frank suggested that Aloïs’s mother had been employed as a housekeeper for a Jewish family in Graz and that the family’s 19-year-old son, Leopold Frankenberger, had fathered Aloïs. Because no Frankenberger was registered in Graz during that period, and no record of Leopold Frankenberger’s existence has been produced, historians dismiss the claim that Aloïs’s father was Jewish.
When Hitler was three, the family moved to Passau in Germany. There he acquired the distinctive lower Bavarian dialect, rather than Austrian German, which marked his speech throughout his life. In 1894 the family relocated to Leonding (Linz), and in June 1895, Aloïs retired to a small landholding at Hafeld, near Lambach, where he farmed and kept bees. Hitler attended the Volksschule (a state-owned school) in nearby Fischlham. The move to Hafeld coincided with the onset of intense father-son conflicts caused by Hitler’s refusal to conform to the strict discipline of his school. Aloïs Hitler’s farming efforts at Hafeld ended in failure, and in 1897 the family moved to Lambach. The eight-year-old Hitler took singing lessons, sang in the church choir, and even considered becoming a priest.
In 1898 the family returned permanently to Leonding. The death of his younger brother Edmund, who died from measles in 1900, deeply affected Hitler. He changed from a confident, outgoing, conscientious student to a morose, detached, sullen boy who constantly fought with his father and teachers.
Aloïs had made a successful career in the customs bureau and wanted his son to follow in his footsteps. Hitler later dramatized an episode from this period when his father took him to visit a customs office, depicting it as an event that gave rise to an unforgiving antagonism between father and son, who were both strong-willed. Ignoring his son’s desire to attend a classical high school and become an artist, Aloïs sent Hitler to the Realschule in Linz in September 1900. Hitler rebelled against this decision, and in Mein Kampf revealed that he intentionally did poorly in school, hoping that once his father saw what little progress I was making at the technical school he would let me devote myself to my dream.
Like many Austrian Germans, Hitler began to develop German nationalist ideas from a young age. He expressed loyalty only to Germany, despising the declining Habsburg Monarchy and its rule over an ethnically variegated empire. Hitler and his friends used the greeting Heil, and sang the Deutschlandlied instead of the Austrian Imperial anthem. After Aloïs’s sudden death on January 3 1903, Hitler’s performance at school deteriorated and his mother allowed him to leave. He enrolled at the Realschule in Steyr in September 1904, where his behavior and performance showed some improvement. In 1905, after passing a repeat of the final exam, Hitler left the school without any ambitions for further education or clear plans for a career.
From 1905, Hitler lived a bohemian life in Vienna, financed by orphan’s benefits and support from his mother. He worked as a casual laborer and eventually as a painter, selling watercolors of Vienna’s sights. The Vienna’s Academy of Fine Arts rejected him in 1907 and again in 1908, citing unfitness for painting. The director, sympathetic to his situation, recommended that Hitler study architecture, which was also an interest, but he lacked academic credentials as he had not finished secondary school.
On December 21 1907, his mother died of breast cancer at the age of 47. After the academy’s second rejection, Hitler ran out of money and was forced to live in homeless shelters and men’s hostels. At the time Hitler lived there, Vienna was a hotbed of religious prejudice and racism.
Fears of being overrun by immigrants from the east were widespread, and the populist mayor, Karl Lueger, exploited the rhetoric of virulent antisemitism for political effect. German nationalism had a widespread following in the Mariahilf district, where Hitler lived.
German nationalist Georg Ritter von Schönerer, who advocated Pan-Germanism, anti-Semitism, anti-Slavism, and anti-Catholicism, was one influence on Hitler. Hitler read local newspapers, such as the Deutsches Volksblatt, that fanned prejudice and played on Christian fears of being swamped by an influx of eastern Jews. Hostile to what he saw as Catholic Germanophobia, he developed an admiration for Martin Luther.
The origin and first expression of Hitler’s antisemitism remain a matter of debate. Hitler states in Mein Kampf that he first became an anti-Semite in Vienna. His close friend, August Kubizek, claimed that Hitler was a confirmed anti-Semite before he left Linz. Several sources provide strong evidence that Hitler had Jewish friends in his hostel and in other places in Vienna.
Hitler received the final part of his father’s estate in May 1913 and moved to Munich. Historians believe he left Vienna to evade conscription into the Austrian army. Hitler later claimed that he did not wish to serve the Austro-Hungarian Empire because of the mixture of races in its army. After he was deemed unfit for service – he failed his physical exam in Salzburg on February 5 1914 – he returned to Munich.
At the outbreak of World War One, Hitler was living in Munich and volunteered to serve in the Bavarian Army as an Austrian citizen. Posted to the 1.Co, 16.Bavarian-Reserve-Infantry-Regiment, he served as a dispatch runner on the Western Front in France and Belgium, spending nearly half his time well behind the front lines.
He was present at the 1st Battle of Ypres (October 19 1914 – November 22 1914), the Battle of the Somme (July 1 1916 – November 18 1916), the Battle of Arras (April 9 1917 – May 16 1917), and the Battle of Passchendaele (July 31 1917 – November 10 1917), and was wounded at the Somme. He was decorated for bravery, receiving the Iron Cross 2nd Class in 1914. He received the Black Wound Badge on May 18 1918. On a recommendation by Lt Hugo Gutmann, Hitler’s Jewish superior, he received the Iron Cross, 1st Class on August 4 1918, a decoration rarely awarded to one of Hitler’s Gefreiter rank.
During his service at Headquarters, Hitler pursued his artwork, drawing cartoons and instructions for an army newspaper. During the Battle of the Somme in October 1916, he was wounded in the left thigh when a shell exploded in the dispatch runners’ dugout. Hitler spent almost two months in hospital at Beelitz, returning to his regiment on March 5 1917.
On October 15 1918, he was temporarily blinded in a mustard gas attack and was hospitalized in Pasewalk. He was still in Hospital when the war ended. Hitler described the war as the greatest of all experiences, and was praised by his commanding officers for his bravery. His wartime experience reinforced his German patriotism and he was shocked by Germany’s capitulation in November 1918. His bitterness over the collapse of the war effort began to shape his ideology. Like other German nationalists, he believed the Dolchstoßlegende (stab-in-the-back myth), which claimed that the German army, undefeated in the field, had been stabbed in the back on the home front by civilian leaders and Marxists, later dubbed the November criminals.
The Treaty of Versailles stipulated that Germany must relinquish several of its territories and demilitarize the Rhineland. The treaty imposed economic sanctions and levied heavy reparations on the country. Many Germans perceived the treaty—especially Article 231, which declared Germany responsible for the war—as an humiliation. The Versailles Treaty and the economic, social, and political conditions in Germany after the war were later exploited by Hitler for political gain.
A glance at Hitler’s family tree reveals the fact of almost incestuous breeding. Hitler’s mother Klara Poelz, according to Mrs Brigid Hitler (mother of Patrick Hitler) had Czech blood, besides being a blood relation of her husband, Aloïs Schickelgruber, subsequently legitimized to Hitler. Hitler’s father was twenty-three years older than his wife and was fifty-two years old when Adolf Hitler was born in 1889. All evidence obtainable points to the fact that this marriage was unhappy. The one fact which seems to emerge from the cloud covering this marriage is that Hitler’s father was a sadist.
This fact was learned by Dr Sedgwick from Mrs Brigid Hitler, the ex-wife of Aloïs Hitler II, half-brother of Adolf Hitler. She called on Dr Sedgwick on August 10, 1937, at his London home and told him that her ex-husband Aloïs had described his own father as of a very violent temper, in the habit of beating his dog until the dog wet the carpet. He also beat his children and upon occasion in a bad temper would go so far as to beat his wife Klara. The pattern thus becomes clear.
On one side was the hated father and on the other the suppressed mother, who quite possibly enjoyed this treatment, and young Adolf, at this period just reaching the age of puberty, and constitutionally opposed to his father. The result of this domestic situation, on Hitler was a mixture of Narcissus and Oedipus complexes. There is not the slightest doubt that Hitler’s hysterical eyed mother occupies the central position in his whole erotic genesis. She was of the profoundest influence during the period from the age of fourteen when his father, Aloïs, died until his mother’s death when he was nearly twenty. Probably for very good reasons these five formative years are practically ignored in Mein Kampf. The death of his mother, however, is referred to as ‘the greatest loss I ever had’. This statement was repeated to Dr Sedgwick in 1923.
Brigid Hitler is the wife of Aloïs Hitler II, who is seven years older than his half-brother Adolf. Separated from her husband, she is now in the United States with her son, Patrick Hitler, the author of a book, ‘I hate my Uncle’. Mrs Brigid Hitler was born in Dublin in 1894. Her husband, when last reported, was keeping a restaurant in Berlin. He was allowed to return to Berlin in 1937 where he opened a restaurant on the Kurfuerstendamm near the Kaiser Wilhelm’s Gedaechtis-Kirche, which is frequented by SA and SS men. The name Hitler does not appear in connection with this restaurant, but it is well-known that the proprietor is a half-brother of Hitler, whom he has seen in the Chancellery.
During his youth Aloïs Hitler II had several conviction for theft and subsequently went to Dublin where he was a waiter and met and married Brigid when she was seventeen in 1911. Two years later he was expelled from England on a charge of being a ‘souteneur’. In Mein Kampf, Hitler of course never mentions his half-brother, Aloïs who is the skeleton in the Hitler family cupboard.
Adolf Hitler has always despised education, having had so little himself. He dislikes so much the ‘Professor Type’ that in 1932 when it was suggested he should be given a degree by the Government of Braunschweig in order to become a German citizen he objected. He aid not think it at all funny when at the Kaiserhof Hotel, Dr Sedgwick said to him laughingly; ‘well, now you are about to become a Professor after all’. He decided eventually against this scheme and obtained his citizenship by being made Ober Regierung’s Rat in Braunschweig during February 1932. He speaks no language other than German and never listens to any short-wave from any other country except German broadcasts from Paris or Moscow.
He writes very few letters himself. He writes only in longhand and never uses a typewriter. However, he writes notes to accompany flowers for commemorative occasions. He never carries either a pencil, pen or paper with him and never makes any notes himself, only drawings and doodles. These drawings or sketches are usually of flags, Party symbols, stage settings, portrait heads and houses. His doodles are usually developed out of a square and are collected avidly by the official photographer, Heinrich Hoffmann, who intends to edit them at some future time, possible after Hitler’s death. He never consults the calendar nor his date book, which is kept by Schaub and Brueckner. Hitler often used to say ‘I have no private life, not even private correspondence. Everything is read before I get it. This is the price I pay’.
From Mein Kampf it is obvious that Hitler only reads to confirm his own ideas. He reads only what is of ‘value’ to him. Just as in conversation people ‘hear themselves even in the words of the man who is talking to them’, so the majority of readers only read themselves in the books they are reading. The power to enter into the world of the author, as Goethe says, is given to very few people. This explains in part why the profoundest and the most brilliant books have, so little real influence on the mass of readers. Hitler is the exemplification on the grand scale of this phenomenon. Gifted from childhood with an extraordinary power of speech, in his reading he is only attracted by outstanding examples of rhetoric and historic epigram.
He has read about Solon, Alexander the Great, Marius Sulla, Brutus, Catiline, Caesar, Henry VIII, Gustave Adolf, Frederick the Great, Jesus Christ, Moses, Luther, Cromwell, Napoleon, Kutusov, Blucher, Richard Wagner and Bismarck. However, all those, lives he has read-with his interest confined to the demagogic, propagandistic and militaristic side. Hitler’s world is one of action, not contemplation. That is why he prefers the dramatic, revolutionary Schiller to line Olympian and contemplative Goethe.
Biographies which lack a note of rebellion and titanic protest against the existent world bore him. He considers them saturated, bourgeois stuff. For example, whim Hitler reads Napoleon’s life he is interested only in a sort of a film scenario of the parts of the life which show action, never in the contemplative aide. He is always on the look-out for the dramatic phrase, the happy epigram which he can twist to his own use. He displays in the use of such a phrase a fantastic sense for cadence, euphony, assonance and alliteration.
One good phrase or political catchword is worth : more to him than cartloads of dry exposition and theory. A catchword gives the unthinking mob not only the material for an idea, but also furnishes them with the pleasant illusion that they are thinking themselves. There is only so much room in a brain, so much wall space as it were, and if you furnish it with your slogans the opposition has no place to put up any pictures later on, because the apartment of the brain is already crowded with furniture. In modern history it is the lives of Oliver Cromwell, Frederick the Great, Napoleon and Blucher which have interested Hitler the most since childhood.
Hitler will listen attentively to anything he likes to hear, but if the subject is unpleasant, he will look at a picture paper and pay as little attention as possible. He often reads Party Reports himself and concentrates on them while he is so doing, provided that they interest him. He avoids reading Reports and desk work as much as possible almost to the point of negligence. His entourage is in a continuous state of despair on account of his procrastination in dealing with this desk work. These protests of his staff he never takes seriously. Hitler says : ‘Problems are not solved by getting fidgety. If the time is ripe the matter will be settled one way or another’.
(Noise) : He is extraordinarily impervious to noise. While he reads the papers, boisterous conversation does not annoy him, rather the contrary, because he likes to be able to overhear what is being said. A constant buzz of many voices is to him almost like a substitute for going out into the world and seeing what is going on for himself. (Silence) : Hitler has a great capacity for silence. In the train or automobile from Berlin to Munich he would say only perhaps a few words during the entire journey. He would be thinking and planning.
During meals he is apt to let the conversation be general, but after an hour of two he starts a monologue. These monologues form part of a fixed repertoire. They will be of a finished perfection like phonograph records, the favorite ones being : ‘When, I was in Vienna’ and ‘When I was a soldier’, ‘When I was in prison’, ‘When I was the leader in the early days of the Party’, and so forth.
He frequently gets onto the subject of Richard Wagner and the opera. None interrupts these encore – rhapsodies. He carries on with these until the guests finally break down and must retire, because they can no longer keep their eyes open. The guests, which consisted overwhelmingly of women, listened enraptured. At the end there was not a dry seat in the audience. He hardly ever mentions his collaborators when they are not present. He does not tolerate gossip, except possibly at Goebbels’ house very late at night or at Heinrich Hoffmann’s house in Munich.
While debating and especially during an argument, he has an incredible lucidity. He is concise and knows how to present his case like a sputtering machine gun. The cadences of his sentences are irresistibly shaped; they have a piercing power. No other orator has ever made such an impression on Dr Sedgwick.
He is meticulous about his personal appearance and will never remove his coat in public – no matter how warm he feels. He allows none to see him in his bath or see him naked. In his dress he is always very conventional and takes the advice of his tailor. He puts on the clothes that are laid out for him by Schaub without any fussiness. He never uses perfume. Dr Sedgwick at various times brought back from England Yardley’s lavender smelling salts, which he should use when fatigued by very long speeches or during trips by plane to get away from the smell of gasoline.
Hitler always objected to Dr Sedgwick’s use of perfume and twitted him about it. Hitler disapproved of Dr Sedgwick’s giving lavender salts to Angela Hitler-Raubal, his sister, who was the mother of Geli Raubal who shot herself. In 1923 Dr Sedgwick, who disliked Hitler’s little mustache, tried to convince him of its ugliness arguing that it should extend to the full width of the mouth. Dr Sedgwick said : ‘Look at the portraits by Holbein and Van Dyck, the old masters would never have dream of such an ugly fashion’ Hitler replied : ‘Do not worry about my mustache. If it is not the fashion now, it will be later because I wear it’.
He is strict about bathing himself and likes a tub. He shoves himself every day. Once a week the barber trims his mustache, and his hair is out at regular intervals. Arrangements for these matters are in the hands of Kannenberg. A local barber, an old Party member, is generally employed.
Hitler is quite robust and has a good deal of physical endurance. In 1932 he and his staff, often worked twenty hours a day for weeks on end. He seemed to stand it better than his staff as it was he who was setting the pace. After a long and heavy day and missing one or two meals he always insists on his chauffeurs and staff eating first and he himself will eat last. If food is placed before him by some enthusiastic waitress he will carry it himself to the chauffeurs.
He is completely uninterested in either indoor or outdoor games. He takes no exercise other than walking and this at irregular intervals. His pacing of the room is frequent and done a la marcia, to a tune which he whistles. He never walks the length of the room but always diagonally from corner to corner – possibly a habit contracted when a prisoner in Landsberg. While he was imprisoned in Landsberg, Hess organized games and exercise for the prisoners but Hitler refused to take part saying that it would be undignified for him to do so, and ‘bad for general discipline’.
For example. Hitler said : ‘A Fuehrer cannot stop to such informality. I must always keep up distance from the entourage’. While he has considerable knowledge of the workings of a car or an airplane he has never learn to drive either. He is fond of automobile riding as a means of getting privacy, fresh air and sleep. When the weather is bad he does not go out. However, if he has any engagement he disregards the elements. In any parade he uses an open car regardless of the weather. He demands the same of his entire entourage. Hitler says : ‘We are not bourgeois but soldiers’.
To be with Hitler, particularly at night, is an ordeal for people with sensitive eyes. Dr Sedgwick was sometimes driven to distraction in the early hours of the morning by the brilliant light Hitler always insists on having all round him.
Dr Sedgwick was forced to the conclusion that Hitler’s eyes were not normal, which might have been caused by gas poisoning in the Fall of 1918 when he almost went blind. This factor very likely comes into play in his artistic tastes and in the manner in which he judges paintings. Only very bright colors really satisfy him.
Up to 1937 he never wore glasses of any kind or any protection against sun glare, even in the snow. Of late Dr Sedgwick understands that on account of headaches caused by his eyes he has had to follow the advice of his physicians and now wears reading glasses. He probably resisted this as long as it was possible for him to do so. Partly from vanity and partly through his contempt for the ‘Professor Type’ spectacles have always been a nightmare for him.
His voice possesses a typically Austrian metallic sonority and timbre. In general he talks softly but he is quite capable on occasion of launching out into a forceful speech even with only one or two people present. The cliché story of his screaming loudly is not true and is much exaggerated. Contradiction in public rarely induces very loud replies. It is different during office hours; then anything may lead to a ‘grande scene’ and he will lose his temper. He has special drinks made for him before and after a speech to soothe his voice and probably now has his throat, sprayed regularly before speaking. Speaking is really his chief form of exercise and after a speech he will be bathed in perspiration. He is probably only happy and restful when he has talked himself to the point of swooning from exhaustion.
He sleeps very badly since his imprisonment at Landsberg. He takes some sleeping draft every night. He goes to bed as late as possible and when his last friends leave him exhausted at two or three in the morning or even later it is almost as though he were afraid to be alone. Sometimes he is unable to sleep until dawn. However, he usually manages to sleep until ten when he receives his two secretaries of State, Lammers and Funk. He dislikes central heating in the bedroom and in winter has a stove made of Dutch tiles (Kachelofen)
He is a mixture between a fox and a wolf. He plays the fox as long a possible and sometimes even a lamb but in the end the wolf is always ready to emerge. It is interesting that in the early days of 1920 up to 1933 his secret name for telephone messages and in the conversations of his friends was ‘Wolf’. Frau Winnefried Wagner still calls him by this name. He is astonishingly brave. In the near 1923 certain phases of the Party were decided by street fighting in which he was always courageous.
After his imprisonment in Landsberg he was continually in increasing danger of assassination. He does not particularly soak out danger, but if he decides that a thing must be done, he calmly thinks out the precautions to be taken and then goes through with the job absolutely fearlessly. It is a perfectly conscious bravery. He remains calm and collected even in emergencies and knows exactly the best method of checkmating his enemies. He places physical pain also with exemplary courage. He is very much afraid of the water and cannot swim.
He abstains almost completely from meat. Upon rare occasions he eats a little chicken with rice or smoked salmon as an appetizer. In 1932 Dr Sedgwick had occasion to watch his diet very closely; Hitler would get up in the morning around 0930, and breakfast on an apple, hot milk or very weak coffee with rolls, butter and marmalade. This breakfast was followed by doses of medicine administered to him by his secretary, Julius Schaub a former pharmacists apprentice.
Schaub today as then is in charge of Hitler’s home medicine chest, which consists of two classes of drugs : sleeping powders for the night; and digestive powders with which he starts the day and which are taken after every meal.
Luncheon is supposed to be at 1300. However, Hitler is almost invariably one and half to two hours late – which drives his majordomo, Kannenberg to despair. Hitler practically never has a normal appetite in Berlin but it improves markedly at Berchtesgaden. Otto Dietrich, who suffers from a weak digestion, often left his office at 1300, went across to the Kaiserhof and returned half an hour later having had luncheon. He would then wait for Hitler to arrive.
While in Berlin the slightest pretext would be welcomed by Hitler as an excuse for still further postponing luncheon. He would usually have some soup, generally pea soup or tomato soup with Parmesan, followed by a special dish of omelet with asparagus tips or mushrooms, spinach or cauliflower, and a green salad. At Berchtesgaden he has Bavarian dishes such as yellow boletus, mushrooms with dumplings i.e. ‘steinpilze mit knoedel’.
For dessert he prefers Austrian pastries, pancakes or some cooked farinaceous dish. At five o’clock he drinks coffee or tea with rum of medium strength with baum torte, linzer torte, nuss torte, chokoladen torte, or toast. He cannot resist dissolving really good chocolates in his coffee. In the evening he is supposed to dine at eight o’clock but it is rare for him to get to it until nine or later. The evening meal is similar to luncheon usually a vegetable plate i.e. ‘gemueseplatte’.
(Drink) : Beer and wine drinking he gave up after his imprisonment in Landsberg. If he gets a cold he will sometimes take hot tea with rum in it. In July, 1934, Dr Sedgwick brought him back some Jamaica rum. He said he would use it, but only when he had a cold. His private doctor is a frequent guest at his table. It was this young doctor, who in the summer of 1933 saved Brueckneis’s life after his automobile accident in Berchtesgaden. Hitler then decided to have a private doctor always near him in order to perform any necessary operation on the spot. Hitler said : A good doctor on the spot is easily as important as a whole platoon of guards.
(Smoking) : As a soldier Hitler smoked and drank beer. However, by 1922 and even earlier he had stopped what little smoking he had done. The motive given was ‘to increase his capacity as a speaker and his general efficiency’. If he is not going to make a speech he tolerates smoking around him, and even keeps supplies of smokes for his friends. Smoking is never permitted during his speeches. This is also true for the great Party rallies held outdoors at Nuernberg. However, at these smoking is considered bad etiquette and hence never permitted.
Hitler inwardly sides with the purists and abstainers. In this he was backed up by Hess and the Spartan program of living. Inwardly Hitler always resented Roehm’s epicurean habits and opulent Havana cigars. If people ask him regarding his ascetic life Hitler replies : ‘If I once find that a thing is not good for me, then I stop eating it’. As I know that meat, beer and nicotine injure and impair my constitution, I don’t indulge in them any more. Such a decision is taken once, and for always. Is that so wonderful.
(Personal Protection) : Hitler and Himmler decided that the best method would be that the police should alternate one looking at the procession and one looking into the crowd. The procession itself must be convoyed in the style described to Hitler by Dr Sedgwick as that used by US Secret Police for the protection of Woodrow Wilson. The system consists of motor cycles on the right and left of the central car, and two police cars following the car of the personage.
Hitler SS police cars have strict orders to accelerate and run down anyone who emerges from the crowd. Hitler always sits in the front seat next to chauffeur. This gives him the protection of a bulletproof glass windscreen in front, the chauffeur on one side, and members of the armed entourage behind him in the car. He is against armed men on the running board as he thinks it looks overcautious to the crowd and also detracts from the triumphant and joyful note which his appearance should elicit.
Hitler has said that too clumsy a display of precautionary measures indicates a lack of security and suggests to the crowd a kind, of guilty weakness which would leave an odious impression. To Himmler he once referred to this overemphasis on his personal safety as giving a picture of a ‘Tyrann auf Reisen’.
When he is in residence at Berchtesgaden he goes for country walks in Indian file, with five or six armed guards in civilian clothes in front and five or six behind. On both sides of this cavalcade armed patrols cover the flanks at a distance of about one hundred paces. These walks are always in the afternoon, never in the morning. The fact is that since 1933 and even earlier the guarding of his person has become such an important problem that he is virtually a prisoner and he knows it. This results in a desire to escape from this imprisonment either by seeing friends, moving pictures or riding in an automobile. Hitler once said to Dr Sedgwick : ‘If you come down to it, I am very much in the position of the Pope, who for similar and other reasons has to remain, confined in the Vatican.
That is why the whole quadrangle of the Wilhelmstrasse must sooner or later be added to the Reichskanzlei area and surrounded with, colonnades for walking in bad weather. That would hold good also for my successor and his successors’. This was said at the Reichskanzlei in the summer of 1934 with what seemed a special emphasis for Goering, who was sitting at his right.
(end of part one)
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