EUCMH-003 – Photos – Inside the Holocaust – (!Graphic!)

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The expression Lebensunwertes Leben or life unworthy to be lived, is considered one of the most horrific in the history of mankind. This term was used by Nazi Germany to identify people whose lives have no value and that should be killed without delay. First, this definition applies to people with mental illness, and then – to the racially inferior persons of nontraditional sexual orientation, or simply the enemies of the state both domestically and abroad. At the beginning of the war the Nazis began with the mass executions of civilians, particularly Jews, culminating in plans for their total destruction. In the east, wielded by death squads, Einsatzgruppen who killed about 1 million people, then the construction of concentration camps, where prisoners were starved and denied medical care, and finally – the death camps – government agencies, whose sole purpose was the systematic extermination of large numbers of people. In 1945, when the advancing Allied forces began to find these camps, they opened the terrible consequences of this policy : hundreds of thousands of hungry and sick prisoners, locked in rooms with thousands of decomposing bodies, gas chambers, crematoria, thousands of mass graves, the documents describing the horrific medical experiments and much more. Thus, the Nazis killed more than 10 million people, including millions Jews.


Depleted 18-year-old Soviet girl looks into the lens during the liberation of the concentration camp Dachau in 1945. The first German concentration camp Dachau was opened in 1933. Between 1933 and 1945 is contained more than 200 thousand prisoners. According to official figures, of which 31.591 prisoners died from disease, starvation or suicide. In contrast to Auschwitz, Dachau was not an extermination camp, but conditions there were so terrible that every week here, hundreds of people died. (Photo : Eric Schwab, Sources : AFP and Getty Images)

In this picture, which was made between 1941 and 1943, and granted the Paris Holocaust Memorial, a German soldier aims at Ukrainian Jew during a mass execution in Vinnitsa. This picture is called The Last Jew of Vinnitsa. The text was written on the back of photographs, which were found in an album that belonged to a German soldier. (Sources : AP Photo and USHMM)

German soldiers questioned the Jews after the Warsaw ghetto uprising in 1943. In October 1940, the Germans began the resettlement of more than 3 million Polish Jews into overcrowded ghettos. Thousands of Jews died of disease and starvation in the Warsaw ghetto before the Nazis began mass deportations from the ghetto to the death camp in Treblinka. The uprising in the Warsaw ghetto, which was the first urban rebellion against the occupation of Europe by the Nazis, took place from April 19 to May 16 1943, and began when the German soldiers entered the ghetto to deport its surviving inhabitants. German troops crushed the uprising poorly armed Jews. (Sources : AFP and Getty Images)

1943 : a man takes away the body of the Jews from the Warsaw ghetto, where people were dying in the streets from hunger. Every day at 0400 to 0500, carts removed from the streets dozens of corpses. Bodies of the dead Jews were burned in deep holes. (Sources : AFP and Getty Images)

German soldiers escorted a group of Jews, among whom there is a little boy in the Warsaw ghetto, April 19 1943. This photograph was attached to the report of the SS-Gruppenführer commander and his bail has been used as evidence in the Nuremberg trials in 1945. (Source : AP Photo)

After the revolt of the Warsaw ghetto, it was liquidated. 7 out of more than 56 thousand captured Jews were shot, while the rest were sent to death camps or concentration camps. In the photo : the ruins of the ghetto, which was destroyed by soldiers of the SS. Warsaw Ghetto existed for several years, and during this time there died 300.000 Polish Jews. (Source : AP Photo)

A German soldier aiming at a Jewish woman during a mass shooting in Mizoche, USSR. In October 1942, residents opposed Mizocha Ukrainian auxiliary units and German policemen, who wanted to liquidate the ghetto population. About half of the residents were able to escape and hide during the riots before the rebellion was finally suppressed. Surviving Jews were murdered in a ravine. Courtesy of the Paris Holocaust Memorial. (Sources : AP Photo and USHMM)

Deported Jews in a transit camp in Drancy near Paris, France, on the way to a German concentration camp in 1942. In July 1942, French police rounded up 13.152 Jews (including 4115 children) in the winter velodrome Vel d’Hiv (Vélodrome d’Hiver) in the south-western part of Paris. They were then sent to the rail terminal at Drancy, north-east of Paris and deported to the east. Returned home only a few. (Source : AFP and Getty Images)

Portrait of Anne Frank, 1941, provided by the House-Museum of Anne Frank in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. In August 1944, Anne, her family and other people, hiding from the German invaders were captured and sent to prisons and concentration camps. Anne died of typhus in the camp of Bergen-Belsen at the age of 15, but after the posthumous publication of her diary, she became a symbol of all Jews killed during World War II. (Sources : AP Photo, Anne Frank House, and Frans
Dupont)

Arriving trains with Jews from Carpathian Ruthenia, which was annexed to Hungary from Czechoslovakia in 1939, were sent to the death camp Auschwitz 2, also known as Birkenau, Poland, May 1939. In 1980, Lili Jacob gave this picture to the memorial Yad Vashem. (Source : AP Photo and Yad Vashem Photo Archives)

Photos of the 14 year-old Kwok Czeslaw provided by the State Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau, made by William Brass, who worked as a photographer in Auschwitz, where during the Second World War, around 1.5 million people, mostly Jews died during the repression. In December 1942, a Polish Catholic, born in the town of Czeslaw Wolka Zlojecka was sent to Auschwitz with her mother. Three months later they both died. In 2005, the photographer (and fellow prisoner), said : she was so young and so scared. The little girl did not realize why she was here and did not understand what was told to her. Then, the Kapo (wardress) took a stick and hit her in the face. This German simply vented their anger on the girl. Such a beautiful, young and innocent creature. She was crying, but I could not do anything. Before photographing, the girl wiped her tears and blood with a broken lip. Frankly, I felt as being beaten, but I could not intervene. For me, it would have ended fatally. (Sources : AP Photo and Auschwitz Museum)

A victim of Nazi medical experiments conducted in Ravensbruck, Germany, November 1943. On the hand of the victim there is a deep burn from phosphorus. This burn is the result of ongoing medical experiment. During the experiment, a mixture of phosphorus and rubber was applied to the skin which was then ignited. After 20 seconds, the flame was quenched with water. After three days the burn was treated with a special liquid. Two weeks later the wound healed. This photograph, taken by the prison doctor, was presented as an evidence during the trial of the doctors in Nurenberg. (Sources : US Holocaust Memorial Museum and NARA)

Jewish prisoners in Buchenwald after the camp was liberated in April 1945. (Sources : AFP and Getty Images)

US soldiers inspect railroad cars full of dead bodies on the railway in the concentration camp of Dachau in Germany, May 3, 1945. (Source : AP Photo)

Emaciated Frenchman sits among dead inmates in the Mittelbau-Dora labor camp, Nordhausen, Germany, April 1945. (Source : US Army)

Dead bodies lying by the wall beside the crematorium in Dachau. The bodies were found by soldiers of the 7th US Army, which came into camp May 14 1945. (Source : AP Photo)

An US soldier inspects thousands of gold wedding rings, confiscated from the Jews by the Nazis and hidden in the salt mines in the vicinity of Heilbronn. May 3 1945. (Sources : AFP and NARA)

US soldiers of the 3rd Infantry Division inspect a dead body in the furnace of the crematorium oven, April 1945. This photo was taken at a German concentration camp during its liberation by the US Army. (Source : US Army)

Heap of ashes and bones in a concentration camp of Buchenwald near Weimar, Germany, April 25, 1945. (Source : AP Photo and US Army Signal Corps)

Prisoners greet US soldiers near an electric fence in Dachau, Germany. Some prisoners were dressed in prison overalls with blue and white stripes.Prisoners secretly produced flags of all countries, on hearing the approach of the 42nd Infantry Division “Rainbow” to the camp, and they have decorated their barracks. (Source : AP Photo)

General Dwight D. Eisenhower and other American officers in the Buchenwald sub-camp of Ohrdruf (Mittlebau) shortly after its release in April 1945. When the American army was approaching the camp, the Nazi guards shot the remaining prisoners. (Source : US Army Signal Corps)

The dying prisoner is too weak to rise, victim of the incredible cruelty in Nordhausen, Germany, April 18 1945. (Source : AP Photo)

The death march from Dachau along the street Noerdliche Muenchner in Grunwald, Germany, April 29 1945. When Allied troops went on the offensive, thousands of prisoners were moved from remote PWs camps to the interior of Germany. Thousands of prisoners died on the way all those who could not keep on walking, were shot on the spot. This photograph captures Dmitry Gorky (fourth from right), born on August 19 1920 in Blagoslovskom, USSR, in a family of peasants. During the Second World War, Dmitri spent 22 months in Dachau. The reason for his detention remained unknown. (Sources : AP Photo, USHMM, courtesy of KZ Gedenkstaette Dachau)

US soldiers pass by the rows of corpses lying on the ground behind the barracks of Nordhausen, Germany, April 17 1945. The camp is located to the west of Leipzig. When the camp was liberated by the American soldiers found more than three thousand bodies and a small group of survivors. (Sources US Army Signal
Corps)

This dead prisoner lies near the car inside the camp in Dachau, May 1945. (Photo Eric Schwab Source AFP)

The liberators of the 3rd Army under the command of Gen George S. Patton in Buchenwald, Germany, April 11 1945. (Source : US Army)

On their way to the Austrian border, troops of the 12th Armored Division under Gen Alexander Patch witnessed the atrocities committed in the prison camp in Shvabmyunhene south-west of Munich. At the camp held more than four thousand Jews of different nationalities. The prisoners were burned to death by guards who set fire to the barracks, while they were sleeping and shot anyone who tried to escape. The photo shows the bodies of some Jews, found by the soldiers of the 7th US Army Shvabmyunhene, May 1 1945. (Source : AP, Photo Jim Pringle)

Another dead inmate lying on the fence of barbed wire in the Buchenwald sub-camp of Leipzig-Tekle, near Weimar, Germany. (Source : US Army)

By order of the US Army, German soldiers carried the bodies of the victims from the camp Lamb in Austria and buried them, May 6 1945. Initially, the camp held 18.000 prisoners. In each of the barracks camps inhabited 1600 people. The buildings had no beds and no sanitary lodging. (Source : AP Photo)

A man sits near a charred body in the camp Tecla not far from Leipzig. The factory workers of Tecla were locked in a building and burned alive. The fire killed 300 people. Those who managed to escape, were killed on the fence of barbed wire or were killed by members of the Hitlerjugend. (Photo : Eric Schwab Source : AFP)

The charred bodies of political prisoners lie in front of the barn in Gardelegen, Germany, April 16 1945. They were killed by the SS men who set the barn in which they were locked up afire. The prisoners tried to escape, but the bullets caught them. Only 12 of 1100 prisoners escaped. (Souce : US Signal Corps)

Human remains found by soldiers of the 3rd Armored Division in Nordhausen, April 25 1945. (Source : AP Photo)

Lt Col Ed Seyler from Louisville, Ky, is in front of the bodies of victims of the Holocaust and calls to the 200 German civilians in Landsberg on May 15 1945. (Source : AP Photo)

Emaciated prisoners pose for a photo in a concentration camp in Ebensee, Austria, May 7 1945. In this camp, the Germans conducted ‘scientific’ experiments. (Source : NARA)

A Russian prisoner freed by the soldiers of the 3rd Armored Division, finds the former guard who brutally punished prisoners in the concentration camp of Buchenwald, Germany, April 14 1945. (Source : AP Photo)

Victims in Bergen-Belsen. Released by the British troops on April 15 1945, the British soldiers found the bodies of about 60.000 men, women and children who died of starvation and disease. (Source : AFP)

For all purposes :
European Center of Military History
Gunter ‘Doc Snafu’ Gillot
rue des Thiers 8
Francorchamps 4970
Belgium
Email : gunter [at] eucmh.be





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(NB : Published for Good – March 2019)

 

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