This is the story of Pfc Joseph G. Farina, Baker-526 (526th Armored Infantry Bataillon Separate). Joe Farina was born on October 28 1924 to Italian immigrant parents, Angelo and Julia Farina. He lived with his parents and his sister Mary in Highwood, Illinois, was a devout Catholic, and he liked to collect stamps and coins. He joined the Army on June 15 1943 and was assigned to the 526-AIB(S), a Division non organic unit, attached usually to Armed Corps Reserve and composed with the exact same equipment as an Army organic unit, which mean armored infantry, artillery, and tanks that could be temporarily attached to existing armored divisions for additional support. They could also be combined with other Armored Infantry Battalions to form temporary armored divisions as well as Task Forces. Among the Army’s various Armored Infantry Battalions, the 526th was a special unit.
When Joe Farina joined the 526-AIB, it was training at Camp Bouse in the Arizona desert with a new secret weapon called the Canal Defense Light (CDL) The CDLs were powerful lights that the battalion would use to blind and disorient an enemy while infantry and armor attacked. The men of the 526-AIB were sworn to secrecy about the CDLs. They could only take leave in groups, and they faced the penalty of execution for treason if they revealed its existence. It was not until 1958 that the existence of the CDLs was declassified.
Canal Defense Light (CDL)
The Canal Defense Light (CDL) was a British secret weapon used during World War Two. It was based upon the use of a powerful carbon-arc searchlight mounted on a tank. It was intended to be used during night-time attacks, when the light would allow enemy positions to be targeted. A secondary use of the light would be to dazzle and disorient enemy troops, making it harder for them to return fire accurately. The name Canal Defense Light was used to conceal the device’s true purpose. For the same reason, in US service they were designated T-10 Shop Tractor.
In August of 1943, the 526th Armored Infantry Battalion shipped to Wales where training with the CDLs continued. However, the battalion sat out the D-Day invasion because its secret weapon would have been militarily useless in the thick hedgerows of Normandy. The battalion finally came ashore at Utah Beach in August of 1944. It encamped near Granville while the Allied armies raced through France and Belgium. As the front lines stabilized in the early autumn of 1944, the Army realized that the CDLs would not be a practical weapon in the terrain and the conditions of combat where the next decisive battles would be fought. So, in October of 1944, the 526-AIB was sent to Belgium for retraining as a counter intelligence task force. (The battalion left their CDLs behind, and they never did use them in battle.)
From October 30 to December 17 1944, Joe Farina’s Baker Co, was quartered in the vicinity of Comblain-la-Tour in Belgium for this retraining as a counter intelligence task force. Farina was assigned residence in the home of Joseph and Madeleine Pacchiotti. The Pacchiottis had two children, a son Louis and a daughter Jeanine, and they lived on the rue du Vicinal in the village of Comblain-Fairon. Their son Louis had been active in the Belgian Resistance. However, the Nazis captured, tortured, and executed Louis on September 9 1944, a little over six weeks before Joe Farina entered the Pacchiotti home. Joe Pacchiotti was of Italian origin, as was Joe Farina. They both spoke Italian and both were Catholic. Moreover, Farina was about the same age as Pacchiotti’s lost son. A natural bond grew between Joe Farina and Joe Pacchiotti. They became so attached to each other that the Pacchiotti family considered Joe Farina as their son, and Joe Farina considered the Pacchiotti’s to be his second family.
On December 16, the Nazis launched the Battle of the Bulge. On December 17, with three hours notice, Joe’s Baker Co was ordered to leave Comblain to face the onslaught. It was a very cold and dark night, and the traveling was slow because the half-track drivers had to use their slit lights to avoid detection by the enemy. Baker Co was first sent to La Reid, and then to Malmedy. As they arrived in Malmedy, church bells welcomed them with the tune of Yankee Doodle Dandy. However, there was no time for celebration. Baker-526 was immediately split up into teams that were sent to block all roads leading to Malmedy. One of these teams manned a roadblock on the road leading to Trois Ponts that encountered the spearhead of SS-Obersturmbannführer Peiper 1.SS-Panzer-Division LSSAH. Instead of losing time in an assault, Peiper chose to bypass the position using side streets, but the 526-AIB guns continued to harass Peiper until the panzers were out of sight. At Stavelot, Peiper encountered again elements of the 526-AIB, Able Co, reinforced with Enginners and Belgian Fusiliers which blew a fuel dump that Peiper needed.
Although Peiper’s panzers ground to a halt, bitter fighting continued for the next several days, under miserable winter conditions. The 526-AIB remained locked in combat, surviving on cold C Rations and little sleep. A 526-AIB veteran, Willard Ingraham, described how they spent Christmas Day 1944 : We heard via the grapevine that we were finally going to get a hot meal. It was a turkey dinner to be exact. It was both elation and disappointment when they plopped that black boned piece of turkey on my plate. I was raised on a farm and knew good meat from bad. That turkey was so locker burned that no good cook would have it in the
kitchen but we had been on the C diet so long that any cooked food tasted better than that. All of the 526-AIB that ate that turkey got dysentery so bad that they had to pull us off the defense line back somewhere to recover for a few days. Can you imagine having that kind of a problem while on the front lines in a foxhole ? But the relief from combat did not last long. On January 3 1945, Joe Farina’s Company was at Hédomont (near Malmedy), and they were ordered to capture the area between Géromont and the Hill up front, the Houyire road.
It was a bitter cold day with light snow, and the German positions were well prepared to meet the assault. Heavy German artillery and machine gun fire rained down on Baker Co as they attacked up the hill. Eventually, Baker conquered the hill, but the victory came at a heavy price. The company suffered sixty-five casualties in the battle for the Houyire road. One of these casualties was Joe Farina who was killed in action by a gunshot wound to the head. After his remains were recovered, Joe Farina was buried at the Henri-Chapelle American Cemetery on February 25 1945. Before he left for the Battle of the Bulge, Joe Farina left instructions that, if he were killed, his remains were to be laid to rest in the Pacchiotti family’s plot in Comblain-la-Tour. In 1946, the Farina family sought to honor Joe’s request but the US Army opposed the idea. In the Spring of 1947, Farina’s mother Julia and sister Mary came to Belgium to visit the Pacchiotti family. The Pacchiottis and the Farinas quickly became very close friends. As a result of this visit, the Farina family again petitioned the American government to move Joe’s remains to the Pacchiotti family plot, and the Farina family convinced the American Legion to support the request. As Mary wrote to the Army, You cannot realize how important it is to my parents to know my brother is in his final resting place near his friends.
About a year later, the US Army granted the Farina family’s request. Joe Farina’s remains were finally laid to rest in the Pacchiotti family plot at Comblain-la-Tour on 5 August 1948. The Farina and Pacchiotti families continued to correspond with each other until the 1960’s, and Madeleine Pacchiotti always felt that she had lost two sons in the war. At her request, when she died she was buried with two special items : the gun that her son Louis carried when fighting the Nazis, and an American flag for her American son Joe. Jerome Sheridan wrote the story above, drawing on the following sources :
The IDPF of Pfc Joseph G. Farina
A personal interview with Daniel Defays, grandson of Joseph and Madeleine Pacchiotti
Information provided to the Henri-Chapelle cemetery by Mrs Marguerite Pirotton, who was a young teacher at the Comblain-la-Tour school in 1944. (The funeral director who arranged for the transfer of the body was Clement Pirotton. They are possibly related.
Willard Ingraham, From Farm Boy to Soldier, (Gilbert, AZ : Bizy Enterprises, Inc., 2004.)
Various histories of the Battle of the Bulge
For all purposes :
European Center of Military History
Gunter ‘Doc Snafu’ Gillot
rue des Thiers 8
Email : gunter [at] eucmh.be
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(NB : Published for Good – March 2019)